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India: Man and his family charged after his wife lodges a complaint for alleged HIV non-disclosure and transmission

Man, family booked for keeping his HIV status a secret from wife
January 6, 2020

Published in The Hindu on January 6, 2020

Man and family booked for keeping his HIV status a secret from wife

A 26-year-old woman from Kamothe has filed a police complaint against her husband after she found that he was infected with HIV, and he and his family had hidden that at the time of marriage.

A resident of Sector 6, the complainant had got married to a 31-year-old Dombivli resident in May 2017. At the time of fixing the marriage, the man’s family had claimed that he had no addiction or disease. Since the complainant’s husband and her father work in the same department of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation, her father had believed in the claims made by the man’s family, the woman said in the FIR.

“The complainant had suspected something amiss about his health as he was always seen coughing which he would say was due to pollution and stress. When she would ask his relatives about his health they would not give a proper answer,” an officer from Kamothe police station said.

After noticing that he would frequently take medicines, the woman confronted him to which he said he had tuberculosis and was undergoing treatment, and he would recover soon.

The complainant alleged that her sister-in-law and her husband who also live in Lodha, Dombivli, used to visit their house daily along with an aunt from Kharghar, who would abuse her over her cooking skills and her way of running the family.

In December 2017, the complainant’s husband fell sick and was admitted to a hospital. “Every time she tried talking to the treating doctor, her in-laws would stop her, and she got further suspicious. After his discharge, she asked him again to tell her the truth and he said that he was inflicted with HIV. He also said his family knew about it, and asked her to not tell anyone about it,” the police officer said.

Meanwhile, the complainant’s sister had lost her husband and hence she did not disclose about her husband’s disease to her family.

Later, she fell ill and was hospitalised, but her husband refused to show her the blood reports. After getting discharged, she went to stay with her parents in Kamothe and told her parents about her husband’s medical condition. The family got her checked at two hospitals and both confirmed that she too was infected with HIV. The family then approached court and got a magistrate’s order to have an FIR registered.

On January 3, her husband, in-laws, sister-in-law and her husband along with the aunty were booked under Sections 269 (negligent act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life), 270 (malignant act likely to spread infection of disease dangerous to life), 323 (voluntarily causing hurt), 406 (criminal breach of trust), 420 (cheating), and 498A (violence on woman after marriage) of the Indian Penal Code.

“We will be sending notices to the accused and will conduct a detailed inquiry before making any arrest,” police inspector Vimal Bidave from Kamothe police station said.

Uganda: Reporter looks at the role of the media in driving stigma surrounding HIV criminalisation

Is the media fanning stigimatisation in the HIV/AIDS fight?
January 6, 2020

Is the media fanning stigmatisation in the HIV/AIDS fight?

KAMPALA – In the third and last part of the series to shine a light on the impact of stigimatisation in the fight against HIV/Aids, PML Daily’s Senior Staff Writer David Mafabi looks at how the media has unknowingly fanned the vice of stigimatisation.

Ms Rosemary Namubiru a nurse is today paranoid about her safety and has stopped taking anything for granted.

She enters her house at 7.00pm and never opens for strangers ever since she was convicted and sent to jail allegedly for infecting a child with HIV/ Aids.

This has been so since 2014, when a Ugandan court sentenced her to three years in jail for negligence over the potential infection of a two-year-old boy with HIV.

Ms Namubiru, who is HIV-positive, was reportedly criminally negligent by using an intravenous needle, that she had accidentally pricked her finger with, on the child, the court ruled.

Many journalists were awash with condemnation to the level that many newspapers dubbed her as a “killer nurse”, something that stigmatises her up to now.

Ms Namubiru is not alone in this condemnation and criminalization, there are many people living around the World who have gone through this kind of criminalization especially when the laws don’t add up.

In 2018, Ms Sylvia Komuhangi was also charged with committing a “negligent act” likely to spread disease contrary to Section 171 of the Penal Code Act of the Republic of Uganda for reportedly infecting a baby with HIV/Aids.

The Magistrates Court sentenced her to two years in prison; six months after her ordeal started even when the baby was tested and found to be HIV negative, Ms Komuhangi was kept in jail.

One newspaper article labeled Komuhangi as a “monster” at the time of her arrest. Another newspaper ran a story under the headline; “Woman gets two year jail term for infecting baby with HIV blood” which was so stigmatising.

Ms Komuhangi would possibly still be languishing in jail if her case had not caught the attention of lawyers from the NGO, Uganda Network on Law, Ethics and HIV/AIDS (UGANET) who appealed and the case was later overturned.

Members of UGANET, UNASO and other NGOs engaged in the national response to HIV and AIDS were unhappy with the way journalists covered Ms Namubiru’s arrest.

The general feeling was that the media led the public trial and conviction of Namubiru and Ms Komuhangi.

Actually many NGOs working to prevent new HIV infections and scale up access to treatment and related health services for people with HIV described the media as suffering from attention-deficit syndrome.

The media has the potential to influence public opinion and attitudes about HIV/AIDS, including attitudes towards people living with HIV/AIDS.

According to Mr Ben Bella Illakut, a veteran journalist, an effective media can raise the awareness level and can also bring about sustainable behavior change thereby reducing vulnerability to the virus.

He explained that the media should work as a facilitator for removing stigma and discrimination attached with the disease: HIV/AIDS afflicted individuals besides the anatomical discomforts undergo the mental suffering of stigma and discrimination at the hands of the society.

“A number of media campaigns should focus on the need to overcome prejudice and encourage solidarity with people infected/affected by virus,” said Mr Ben Bella.

Reports from veteran journalists also indicate that the media too have the capability to bring about transformation in the thinking pattern of the society in respect of PLWAHA and thus sowing the seeds of attitudinal changes.

They add that the media besides creating awareness and providing knowledge base about HIV/AIDS is also to remove the misconceptions about the transmission of the virus and the social ostracism of affected persons.

Mr Charles Odoi, the TASO manager, Mbale says that when writing about PLWHA, you ought to mind so much about how you address an issue as complex as HIV stigma and that there are many small things you can do that will make a big difference

He revealed that the media should also know how talk about HIV to avoid stigma, the words they use and avoid use of words like ‘Monster nurse’

“When talking about HIV, certain words and language may have a negative meaning for people at high risk for HIV or those who have HIV. The media can do their part to stop HIV stigma by being intentional and thoughtful when choosing our words, and choosing to use supportive—rather than stigmatizing— language when talking about HIV,” said Mr Odoi.

The stories written about these two PLWHA reflect a common pattern of how the media cover HIV; the story is highly unusual with a strong element of condemnation, stigmatisation and criminalisation.

Although it is clear that Ms Namubiru was not charged under the HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control Act 2014, some provisions of the law are vague and likely to cause further arrests, stigmatisation and criminalisation of people living with HIV/Aids.

Reports from WHO indicate that laws criminalizing HIV transmission and exposure exist in many developed and developing countries.

It is clear that by 2005, at least 36 European countries had either HIV-specific criminal laws or had used existing laws on bodily harm to prosecute people living with HIV and that by 2009, 15 African countries had enacted HIV-specific criminal laws, and this number increased to at least 25 countries by 2011.

While the HIV/AIDS pandemic has been inflicting a devastating impact on various sectors of life, one of the major obstacles to its prevention is social stigma.

Stigma is defined as an attribute that is deeply discrediting which links a person to undesirable characteristics, thus reducing that individual’s status in the eyes of society.

The stigma and discrimination associated with HIV/AIDS has been conceptualized at two levels: societal and individual. At the societal or cultural level, it manifests in discriminatory laws, policies, popular discourse and social conditions of people living with HIV/AIDS.

At the individual level, it takes the form of behaviours, thoughts and feelings that express the prejudice against persons infected with HIV. The primary targets of HIV/AIDS stigma are individuals with HIV and those perceived to be infected.

Ms Dora Musinguzi, the executive director at Uganda Network on Law, Ethics and HIV/AIDS (UGANET) said even when the media condemned and criminalized Ms Namubiru, if used effectively, the media can play an important role in lessening fear and stigma about HIV – the biggest obstacles to seeking information and treatment about the disease.

“It is unfortunate that the  of this important health issue remained patchy and sensationalist and there is need to discuss better ways for which the media can report about stigma, the law and ethics in HIV/Aids,” said Ms Musinguzi.

She says in keeping with this exhortation, journalists’ reports need to go beyond simplistic views of the global HIV epidemic as merely a crisis in public health and reflections on the complex social, cultural and economic determinants and consequences of the epidemic and the required complexity.

She explained that on a positive note, analysis of HIV reporting in Uganda and world over reveal that the language and tone of HIV stories from the mid-1990s onwards show greater sensitivity to people living with HIV.

Although Namubiru, a paediatric nurse with 30 years’ experience, had maintained her innocence during the trial, handing down the sentence in a packed courtroom, chief magistrate Olive Kazaarwe said Namubiru lacked remorse for her actions.

On the revised charge of criminal negligence — the nurse attracted sympathy and emerged as the apparent victim of rampant stigma in a country that until recently was being praised as a global leader in fighting AIDS and promoting an open attitude toward the disease.

The International activists claim Ms Namubiru and Ms Komuhangi were victims of discrimination because she is HIV positive, and said that their trial was unwarranted.

Several HIV/Aids activists in Uganda said the nurse had not acted maliciously, and her life had been ruined and that the public anger towards her showed the stigma people with HIV/Aids still face.

Ms Namubiru was released after one year of her sentence after the child was found HIV/Aids negative but reportedly got threats to harm her from her neighbours and had to travel to the countryside and stay away from her home in Kampala for safety.

The AIDS-Free World, in a statement said both of these cases illustrate “the failure of both the media and the prosecutor’s office to act responsibly” and could set “a dangerous precedent and could have grave consequences for the fundamental rights of people living with HIV and AIDS in Uganda and beyond,” said AIDS-Free World, in a statement.

The Global Commission on HIV and the Law said the nurse’s “life has been ruined. No matter the outcome of the trial, the panorama of ferociously intemperate accusation will haunt her and her family forever.”

Maj. Rubaramira Ruranga, the director of Health and Community Outreach Campaign at Operation Wealth Creation, one of few people who have publicly revealed they have HIV in a bid to discourage stigma, said the case against the nurse proves that “stigma still rages on” in Uganda.

“I am sure she felt isolated and dejected because of the way the media reported about her, calling her all types of names,” he said. “She was hurt and injured beyond repair.”

Mr Joshua Wamboga, a long-standing HIV/AIDS and Health-care advocate and former executive director at Uganda Network of Aids Service Organisations [UNASO] says some of the contentious provisions of the law include Article 18 (2) (d) where the results of an HIV test may be disclosed or released to “a medical practitioner or other qualified officer who is directly involved in the treatment or counseling of that person, where the HIV status is clinically relevant.”

He adds that this is “too wide a window” for the medical officer to operate in and that the other provisions of the law are those that criminalise “attempted transmission of HIV” and “intentional transmission of HIV”.

“The argument against this provision is that it interferes with medical ethics and the doctor patient relationship and criminalisation of HIV positive persons fuels discrimination as it happened in the case of Namubiru, Komuhangi,” said Mr Wamboga.

The executive director of National Community of Women living with HIV/Aids [NACWOLA], Ms Florence Buluba said People living with HIV infection and AIDS should have the same basic rights and responsibilities as those which apply to all citizens of the country.

She revealed that they are not allowed to be separated, isolated or quarantined in prisons, schools, hospitals or anywhere else because of their HIV-positive status.

She added that PLWHA are entitled to make their own decisions about matters that affect their marriage and having children and counseling about the consequences of their decisions should be provided.

“And no person may be tested for HIV infection without his or her consent beforehand and PLWHA have rights; a right of access to healthcare including reproductive health, a right to sufficient food and water; and a right to social security, including, if they are unable to support themselves and their dependants, appropriate social assistance,” said Ms Buluba.

Although Uganda is one of the 60 countries that criminalise the intentional transmission of HIV [The HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control Act 2014], many a NGO says they are worrying not because of the deadly virus but due to the HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control law.

Human Rights Watch, HEALTH, Global advocacy project and UGANET say that The HIV Prevention and Control Act passed by the Ugandan parliament on May 13, 2014, is discriminatory and will impede the fight against AIDS.

They add that the new law in Uganda criminalizes HIV/AIDS Transmission, requires Pregnant Women to Undergo HIV Testing, the “willful and intentional” transmission of HIV to another person is an offense that is punishable on conviction with up to a ten-year prison term and a fine of up to UGX4. 8 million (about US$1,846).

Activists want the Constitutional Court to speed up Petition Number 24 of 2016 where the community of HIV activists challenged the HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control Act 2014.

Activists say the current HIV law is regressive and should be struck down and argue that it criminalises transmission which intensifies Stigmatisation and discrimination adding that the mandatory testing, provided in the law, is also discriminative.

US: Man arrested in Florida for alleged HIV non-disclosure

Bradenton man didn’t tell sex partner he had HIV. It took cops more than 4 years to find him
January 3, 2020

Published in Bradenton Herald on January 2, 2019

Bradenton man didn’t tell sex partner he had HIV. It took cops more than 4 years to find him

A 52-year-old Bradenton man wanted since 2015 for not telling his sex partner that he is HIV positive was arrested Dec. 27, according to the Manatee County Sheriff’s Office.

According to court records, C.R. and the woman had been having sex for about six months before she found R’s medication and confronted him.

The victim kept seeing R routinely go into his closet and curiosity led her to check the closet where she found the medicine he was taking for both HIV and hepatitis C, the report states.

R. told investigators that he “never got around to telling,” the victim, the report states.

Deputies say R. knew he was HIV and hepatitis C positive for three years priors to dating the victim. The woman knew R. was on medication, but that R. had only told her he had liver and high blood pressure issues.

R. wasn’t immediately arrested, but a warrant was obtained for his arrest in May 2015, charging him with infected person having sex with uninformed person, which is a felony.

R. was released from the Manatee County jail, after posting a $5,000 bond.

Tajikistan: Parliament approves amendment increasing prison sentences for “intentional” HIV transmission

Tajik authorities tighten punishment for intentionally acquiring HIV infection
December 27, 2019

Published in Ozodi on December 26, 2019 – Google translation, for article in Russian please scroll down.

Tajik authorities tighten punishment for intentionally transmitting HIV infection

Tajikistan punishes penalties for intentionally transmitting HIV infection. On December 25, the Majlisi Milli, the upper house of the Tajik parliament, approved amendments to the country’s Criminal Code, according to which deliberate infection of another person’s HIV / AIDS would be considered a serious crime.

After the entry into force of new amendments to Art. 142 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Tajikistan (“lecherous actions”), persons deliberately infecting other citizens with HIV infection will face severe punishment – from 8 to 10 years in prison, a member of the upper house of the Tajik parliament said in an interview with Radio Ozodi Kanoatsho Loikzoda. According to him, if the crime was committed by an official, then after serving his term he will lose the right to hold public office for five years.

Currently, according to Art. 125 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Tajikistan, “infection of another person with HIV infection by a person who knew that he had this virus is punishable by imprisonment for a term of two to five years, and intentional infection of two or more persons by imprisonment for a term of five to ten years.

In August last year, it became known that in Tajikistan for the first time a prostitute was sentenced to one year in prison for acquiring 10 men with HIV infection. A woman whose name was not disclosed, but the initials of A.Z. were indicated, was accused of intentionally infecting several of her clients.

Recently, Tajikistan has also increased the punishment for refusing to treat people who suffer from serious infectious diseases, in particular HIV and tuberculosis. The document entered into force in early August. According to the adopted amendments, HIV-infected and tuberculosis patients who are aware of their disease but are being treated will face a large fine in the amount of 20 to 30 calculated indicators (one calculated indicator is 55 somoni).

68 AIDS centers operate in Tajikistan, including one republican and one regional, 8 urban and 58 district. According to official figures, the total number of infected in the republic is 10.7 thousand people, 7 thousand of them are men.

Власти Таджикистана ужесточают наказание за умышленное заражение ВИЧ-инфекцией

В Таджикистане ужесточается наказание за умышленное заражение ВИЧ-инфекцией. 25 декабря Маджлиси Милли, верхней палатой парламента Таджикистана были одобрены поправки в Уголовный кодекс страны, согласно которым преднамеренное заражение ВИЧ/СПИД другого человека будет считаться тяжким преступлением.

После вступления в силу новых поправок в ст. 142 УК Республики Таджикистан (“развратные действия”), лиц, умышленно заражающих других граждан ВИЧ-инфекцией, ждет суровое наказание – от 8 до 10 лет колонии, сообщил в беседе с Радио Озоди Каноатшо Лоикзода, член верхней палаты таджикского парламента. По его словам, если преступление совершено чиновником, то после отбытия срока он лишится права занимать в течение пяти лет государственные должности.

В настоящее время, согласно ст. 125 УК Республики Таджикистан, «заражение другого лица ВИЧ-инфекцией лицом, знавшим о наличии у себя этого вируса, наказывается лишением свободы на срок от двух до пяти лет, а умышленное заражение двух или более лиц – лишением свободы на срок от пяти до десяти лет.

В августе прошлого года стало известно, что в Таджикистане впервые проститутку приговорили к одному году лишению свободы за заражение ВИЧ-инфекцией 10 мужчин. Женщина, имя которой не разглашалось, но были указаны инициалы А.З., обвинялась в намеренном инфицировании нескольких своих клиентов.

Недавно в Таджикистане усилили наказание и за отказ от лечения лиц, которые страдают тяжелыми инфекционными заболеваниями, в частности ВИЧ и туберкулезом. Документ вступил в силу в начале августа. Согласно принятым поправкам, ВИЧ-инфицированных и больных туберкулезом, которые знают о своей болезни, но оказываются лечиться, ждет крупный штраф в размере от 20 до 30 расчетных показателя (один расчетный показатель равен 55 сомони).

В Таджикистане работают 68 центров СПИД, в том числе один республиканский и один региональный, 8 городских и 58 районных. Общее число зараженных в республике, по официальным данным, составляет 10,7 тыс. человек, 7 тыс. из них — мужчины.

Algeria: A doctor and 3 nurses sentenced to jail for negligence in hospital HIV transmission case

Sang contaminé par le SIDA à Mascara : Le verdict tombe ! Genèse et témoignage
December 26, 2019

Published in ALG24 on December 24, 2019 – Google translation, for article in French. please scroll down

HIV contaminated blood in Mascara : the Verdict is in! Genesis and testimony

Algeria – The court of Mascara ruled yesterday, Monday, December 23, on the scandalous case of AIDS-infected blood in the public hospital establishment, Meslem Tayeb …
Thus, the head of department, a doctor and 3 nurses at this establishment were sentenced to 18 months in prison and a fine of 10 million centimes for “Negligence and falsification of official documents”, reports the Ennahar Online site.

It should be recalled that in this case the civil party had requested the maximum sentence against the defendants.

Genesis of a scandal of 4 years of age!
The case dates back to 2016 when a young 26-year-old mother was admitted to the public hospital, Meslem Tayeb, to undergo a caesarean section. When she came out, she found herself HIV-positive.

According to her testimony, she contracted HIV through a blood transfusion during surgery. Since then, the young mother has gone through an ordeal, even though the staff who operated on her never acknowledged any wrongdoing. “I don’t want money or anything. I just want those responsible to be judged for their negligence and lies,” she said in a moving testimony given to the private TV station Ennahar TV in July 2019.

Algérie – Le tribunal de Mascara s’est prononcé hier lundi 23 décembre sur la scandaleuse affaire du sang contaminé par le SIDA de l’établissement public hospitalier, Meslem Tayeb…               

Ainsi, le chef de service, un médecin et 3 infirmières au niveau de cet établissement ont écopé de 18 mois de prison ferme et une amende de 10 millions centimes pour « Négligence et falsification de documents officiels », rapporte le site Ennahar Online.

Rappelons que dans cette affaire la partie civile avait requis la peine maximale contre les prévenus.

Genèse d’un scandale de 4 ans d’âge ! 

L’affaire remonte à 2016 quand une jeune mère de 26 ans est admise dans l’établissement public hospitalier, Meslem Tayeb pour subir une césarienne. En ressortant, elle se retrouve séropositif. Soit, porteuse du virus du SIDA !

Selon son témoignage, elle a contracté le VIH lors d’une transfusion sanguine rendue nécessaire pendant la chirurgie. Depuis, la jeune maman vit le calvaire alors que le staff l’ayant opérée n’a jamais reconnu son tort. «Je ne veux ni argent ni rien. Je veux juste que les responsables soient jugés pour leur négligence et leur mensonges », avait-elle déclaré dans un émouvant témoignage accordé à la chaîne privée Ennahar TV en Juillet 2019.

Taiwan: Gay man sentenced to 17 months in jail for not disclosing his HIV status

HIV carrier gets jail term for concealing disease from partner
December 24, 2019

Published in Focus Taiwan on 23/12/2019

Taipei, Dec. 23 (CNA) The Taipei District Court on Monday gave a 17-month sentence to a homosexual man after finding him guilty of having sex with his gay partner while not revealing that he had human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

The case dated back to 2016, when the victim pressed charges against his partner for concealing the fact that he had the disease before they had sexual intercourse.

The HIV carrier, a former elementary school teacher, was diagnosed with the disease in June 2003.

Prosecutors subsequently charged him for violating the HIV Infection Control and Patient Rights Protection Act.

Based on Article 21 of the Act, individuals concealing the fact and/or practicing unsafe sex that leads to the infection of others are subject to a prison sentence of between 5 and 12 years.

On Monday, the Taipei court judges ruled that the accused be given a lighter sentence of 17 months under Article 59 of the Criminal Code since the victim was later cleared of having HIV.

The case can still be appealed, however.

[Update] US: Maryland man sentenced to 30 years, with all but 9 years suspended, for ‘knowingly attempting to transfer HIV’

Rudolph Smith Sentenced To 30 Years In Knowingly Transmitting HIV To 3 Women
December 20, 2019

Published in CBS Baltimore on December 20, 2019

R.S. Sentenced To 30 Years In Knowingly Transmitting HIV To 3 Women

FREDERICK, Md. (WJZ) — R.S, a 37-year-old Frederick man, was sentenced to 30 years, with all but 9 years suspended, for assault and knowingly transmitting HIV to three women.

The sentencing came down Friday in Frederick County Circuit Court by Judge Julia A. Martz-Fisher.

After the sentence, R.S. will be on five years probation.

S entered an Alford plea to three counts of second-degree assault and three counts of knowingly attempting to transfer HIV on Sept. 13, 2019.

An Alford plea is a type of guilty plea, where the defendant doesn’t formally admit guilt, but acknowledges the state has enough evidence to convict them.

Frederick Police began the investigation into S in the Summer of 2017 when women reported that they believe he infected them with HIV. During the investigation police learned, R.S. knew he was HIV positive but continued to have unprotected sex with women.

“While HIV is not what it was 15 years ago with effective treatments that now exist, these victims will be impacted by this defendant’s actions for the rest of their lives,” said State’s Attorney Charlie Smith.

Source: WJLA, September 13, 2019

Frederick Man Enters Alford Plea To Knowingly Transferring HIV To 3 Women

A Frederick man charged with knowingly transferring HIV to women he met online entered an Alford plea on Friday in Frederick County Circuit Court.

37-year-old RJS entered an Alford plea to three counts of Second Degree Assault and three counts of Knowingly Attempting to Transfer HIV.

An Alford Plea is a type of guilty plea where the defendant does not formally admit guilt but acknowledges that the State has sufficient evidence to convict them.

RS will continue to be held at the Frederick County Adult Detention Center without bond until sentencing November 4th.

Police arrested 34-year-old RJS of Frederick, Maryland on April 15 after evidence obtained during a 21-month long investigation.

A total of seven women have been identified as victims.

Source: Certified Pop, April 16, 2019

Officials in Maryland say a man knowingly spread HIV to four women he met on dating sites and apps.

WBAL-TV reports 34-year-old RJS, of Frederick, Maryland, was charged with first-degree assault and reckless endangerment after police conducted a 21-month investigation into his alleged crimes.

S also faces counts of knowingly transferring or attempting to transfer HIV to another person, which is classified as a misdemeanor under Maryland’s general health law.

Frederick police Lt. Kirk Henneberry told the local news station that detectives began their investigation after several women reported S infected them with HIV.

Once S’s blood was tested and determined to be HIV positive, S continued to meet women on dating sites. After meeting the women, S had unprotected sex with them without disclosing his HIV status.

Although detectives tested S’s blood in 2017, they say he was aware of his diagnosis since 2014.

As part of their case against S, prosecutors and police had to prove beyond a reasonable doubt he knew he was HIV-positive before they could file any charges, Frederick County State’s Attorney Charlie Smith told WUSA9 in reference to the lengthy investigation time.

S is currently being held on a $100,000 bail at the Frederick County Adult Detention Center.

[Update]US: Missouri man already charged earlier this year with reckless transmission faces new charges

Man who intentionally infected a woman with HIV is facing additional charges
December 19, 2019

Published in Ozarks First, on December 20, 2019

Man who intentionally infected a woman with HIV is facing additional charges

SPRINGFIELD, Mo. – A man already facing charges of intentionally infecting a woman with HIV is now facing additional charges.

M.P. is still facing charges of recklessly infecting another person with HIV and tampering with a witness.

Those were filed back in February after he allegedly had sex with a woman in 2018 without telling her he was HIV positive.

M.P. had allegedly been given a positive test result for HIV back in 2010.

The new charges include two counts of recklessly infecting another person with HIV.

Online court documents show that those charges are connected to incidents from 2018 but it is not clear if those incidents are connected to the same woman.

He is set to appear in court for the February charges, tomorrow, Dec. 20.

Source: KY3, May 31, 2019

Many seek HIV testing after Springfield man is accused of recklessly spreading virus

 SPRINGFIELD, Mo. A Springfield man accused of recklessly spreading H-I-V was in court Friday morning. X is being held in the Greene County jail, and appeared for the first time in Greene County Circuit Court, pleading not guilty to two felony charges.
Police reports say X has been HIV positive since at least December 2010, but he didn’t tell the woman. Now, Springfield Police say they have a total of seven reports against him.

“We ended up, you know, with about 30 folks coming in to get tested that commented that they were connected with him or they were connected with someone who had contact with him, sexual contact with him,” says APO executive director Lynne Meyerkord.

Meyerkord says the news spread quickly through the media, and staff even did community outreach. “This individual worked at a couple of bars in town that had a lot of traffic and a lot of people who were younger, so it was important to get the word out,” Meyerkord says.

The purpose of their outreach has been to encourage people to come in for free HIV testing. “In a situation like this, people realize, oh my gosh, I may be at risk here, so there was quite a run on people getting checked out,” says Meyerkord, “which was really helpful and really heartening, because people are paying attention and realize that they need to be tested and there’s something they can do about this.”

APO staff say there have been huge advancements in HIV treatment over the last 30 years that are extending lives and preventing transmission. “In this day and time, there are so many things that can be done to prevent transmission, and if folks will get tested, and if they are positive, if they will get on treatment and stay on treatment,” says Meyerkord, “they’re not at risk for transmitting the virus, which is kind of our hope for ending the epidemic.”

X’s next court appearance is now scheduled for July 15th. Police say each case against X could bring a separate charge, but no other charges have yet been filed.

X was arrested and charged in February for recklessly infecting a woman with HIV, then offering her money to drop the charges. Police say the woman met X online, had sex with him, and later ended up in the hospital, testing positive for HIV.

 Source: Springfield News Leader, February 21, 2019

Springfield man charged with infecting woman with HIV, then trying to pay her off

A Springfield man has been accused of infecting a woman with HIV and then offering her money to not cooperate with law enforcement.

MX, 36, was charged Wednesday with two felonies — tampering with a witness in a felony prosecution and recklessly infecting another person with HIV.

The HIV charge is a Class A felony that carries a possible life sentence.

According to a probable cause statement in this case, X has been HIV positive since at least 2010, when he tested positive in Illinois.

In March 2018, the statement says X had unprotected sex with a woman in Springfield without telling her he was HIV positive.

The woman was hospitalized later that month, and she learned she was HIV positive. The woman had been tested a few months earlier and she did not have any sexually transmitted infections, according to the statement.

Once police became involved in the case, X allegedly offered to pay the woman money he was getting from a legal settlement if she would not cooperate with the prosecution.

X is being held in the Greene County Jail on $50,000 bond. He does not have an attorney listed for this case.

In a court filing, prosecutors say X is “an ongoing danger to the community” because he recently posted an ad on Facebook asking for cuddles.

During the HIV epidemic of the 1980s, many states implemented laws related to HIV exposure. As of 2018, Missouri was one of 26 states that still had laws criminalizing HIV exposure, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


[Update]Russia: Preliminary hearing starts against senior nurse in case of negligence leading to HIV transmissions in Budennovsk hospital

Court investigate to determinate responsibility for the infection of five patients with HIV in hospital in Budennovsk
December 19, 2019

Published in BFM.RU on December 18, 2019 – Google translation, scroll down for article in Russian

The court in the Stavropol region begins consideration of the case of HIV infection in the hospital

A criminal case was filed against V.N. under the article “negligence”

A preliminary hearing on the HIV infection of five patients of the Budyonnovsk hospital will be held in the Stavropol Territory, according to the website of the Budyonnovsk city court. “The preliminary hearing is scheduled for December 18 at 10:00 Moscow time,” RIA Novosti reports .

A criminal case was filed against V.N. under the article “negligence”. According to the investigation, in 2018, the senior nurse of the infectious diseases department of the hospital in Budennovsk did not provide medical measures that were safe for the health of patients. It was noted that she did not monitor compliance by paramedical personnel of the infectious diseases department with care for peripheral venous catheters, one of which was from an HIV-infected patient. It was reported that because of this, five people, three of whom were children, contracted HIV.

Суд на Ставрополье начинает рассмотрение дела о заражении ВИЧ в больнице

Уголовное дело поступило в отношении Виктории Назуровой по статье «халатность»

Предварительное слушание по делу о заражении ВИЧ пятерых пациентов больницы Буденновска пройдет в Ставропольском крае, сообщается на сайте буденновского городского суда. «Предварительное слушание назначено на 18 декабря на 10:00 мск», — передает РИА Новости.

Уголовное дело поступило в отношении Виктории Назуровой по статье «халатность». По версии следствия, в 2018 году старшая медицинская сестра инфекционного отделения больницы в Буденновске не обеспечила безопасное для здоровья пациентов проведение лечебных мероприятий. Отмечалось, что она не проконтролировала соблюдение сотрудниками среднего медицинского персонала инфекционного отделения ухода за периферическими венозными катетерами, один из которых был от ВИЧ-инфицированного пациента. Сообщалось, что из-за этого пять человек, трое из которых дети, заразились ВИЧ.

Source,  November 28, 2019 Google translation, scroll down for article in Russian

The case of HIV infection of patients in the hospital of Budennovsk is brought to court

The prosecutor’s office approved the indictment in the case of a senior nurse at a hospital in the city of Budennovsk, where five patients became infected with HIV. This was reported on the website of the Prosecutor General of Russia on Thursday, November 28.

“The Budyonnovsk interdistrict prosecutor’s office of the Stavropol Territory approved the indictment in a criminal case against a local resident,” the statement said. It is noted that the health worker is accused of negligence under Part 1 of Art. 293 of the Criminal Code.

The case was sent to the Budyonnovsk city court of the Stavropol Territory for consideration on the merits. The Investigative Department of the Investigative Committee of Russia in the Stavropol Territory completed the investigation of this case on November 15.

According to the investigation, in 2018 the senior nurse of the infectious diseases department of the GBUZ SK “Regional Center for SVMP No. 1” did not control the nursing staff for peripheral venous catheters. One of the products was from an HIV-infected patient. As a result, five patients of the department, including three children born in 2017 and 2016, became infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.

It is worth noting that on November 20, the Ministry of Health of the Stavropol Territory responded to media accusations of a lack of disposable syringes and other supplies in the Budennovsk hospital, where patients became infected with HIV. According to the agency, in 2018, the medical institution purchased disposable syringes, systems for intravenous administration, peripheral venous catheters and other consumables for an amount exceeding 38.827 million rubles. The work of the department and the documentation was checked by an interdepartmental commission, which did not find violations and shortages.


Дело о заражении ВИЧ пациентов в больнице Буденновска передано в суд

Прокуратура утвердила обвинительное заключение по делу в отношении старшей медсестры больницы города Буденновска, где пять пациентов заразились ВИЧ. Об этом сообщается на сайте Генпрокуратуры России в четверг, 28 ноября.

«Буденновская межрайонная прокуратура Ставропольского края утвердила обвинительное заключение по уголовному делу в отношении местной жительницы», — говорится в сообщении. Отмечается, что медработник обвиняется в халатности по ч.1 ст. 293 УК РФ.

Дело направлено в Буденновский городской суд Ставропольского края для рассмотрения по существу. Следственное управление СК России по Ставропольскому краю завершило расследование этого дела 15 ноября.

По данным следствия, в 2018 году старшая медсестра инфекционного отделения ГБУЗ СК «Краевой центр СВМП №1» не проконтролировала уход сотрудниками среднего медперсонала за периферическими венозными катетерами. Одно из изделий было от ВИЧ-инфицированного пациента. В итоге пять пациентов отделения, в числе которых трое детей 2017 года и 2016 годов рождения, заразились вирусом иммунодефицита человека.

Стоит отметить, что 20 ноября министерство здравоохранения Ставропольского края ответило на обвинения СМИ в нехватке одноразовых шприцов и других расходных материалов в больнице Буденновска, где пациенты заразились ВИЧ. По данным ведомства, в 2018 году медучреждение закупило одноразовые шприцы, системы для внутривенного введения, периферические венозные катетеры и прочие расходники на сумму, превышающую 38,827 млн рублей. Работу отделения и документацию проверила межведомственная комиссия, которая не нашла нарушений и недостачи.

Source: ForPost – sevastopol.SU, November 16, 2019 – Google translation, scroll down for Russian article

Nurse faces trial in case of infection of five HIV patients

According to the investigation, the woman did not follow the necessary manipulations with catheters, one of which was used by a patient with HIV.

The senior nurse of the infectious diseases department of the hospital in the city of Budennovsk in the Stavropol Territory will appear in court after five patients have been infected with HIV. On Friday, reporters were informed about this in the Investigative Department of the RF IC in the region.

“The investigation of the criminal case against the head nurse of the infectious department accused of committing a crime under Part 1 of Article 293 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (“ Negligence ”) has been completed. The criminal case was sent to the prosecutor for approval of the indictment and subsequent transfer to court for examination on the merits “, the message said.

According to the investigation, in 2018 an HIV-infected person was admitted to the infectious ward. The defendant did not control the necessary manipulations with catheters, one of which was used by this patient. As a result, three children born in 2017 and 2016, as well as two adults who were treated at the hospital during the same period, became infected with HIV.

Earlier, the press service of the regional Ministry of Health of TASS reported that a ministerial check revealed violations in the work of the hospital where the infection occurred. A number of employees received administrative and disciplinary sanctions. All victims are registered at the regional AIDS Center and receive the necessary antiretroviral therapy. 

Медсестра предстанет перед судом по делу о заражении пяти пациентов ВИЧ

По данным следствия, женщина не проконтролировала выполнение необходимых манипуляций с катетерами, один из которых использовал пациент с ВИЧ.

Старшая медицинская сестра инфекционного отделения больницы города Буденновска в Ставропольском крае предстанет перед судом после заражения пяти пациентов ВИЧ-инфекцией. Об этом в пятницу журналистам сообщили в следственном управлении СК РФ по региону.

“Завершено расследование уголовного дела в отношении старшей медицинской сестры инфекционного отделения, обвиняемой в совершении преступления, предусмотренного ч. 1 ст. 293 УК РФ (“Халатность”). Уголовное дело направлено прокурору для утверждения обвинительного заключения и последующей передачи в суд для рассмотрения по существу”, – говорится в сообщении.

По данным следствия, в 2018 году в инфекционное отделение поступил ВИЧ-инфицированный человек. Обвиняемая не проконтролировала выполнение необходимых манипуляций с катетерами, один из которых использовался этим пациентом. В результате ВИЧ-инфекцией заразились трое детей 2017 и 2016 годов рождения, а также двое взрослых, которые в этот же период находились на лечении в больнице.

Ранее в пресс-службе краевого Минздрава ТАСС сообщили, что министерская проверка выявила нарушения в работе больницы, где произошло заражение. Ряд сотрудников понесли административные и дисциплинарные взыскания. Все пострадавшие взяты на диспансерный учет в краевой Центр СПИД и получают необходимую антиретровирусную терапию. 

 Source: Kommersant, October 2, 2019 – Google translation, scroll down for Rusian article

Court investigate to determinate responsibility for the infection of five patients with HIV in hospital in Budennovsk

The Ministry of Health of the Stavropol Territory, together with Rospotrebnadzor and the regional AIDS center, is conducting an epidemiological investigation to determinate the cause of HIV infection in five patients of the No. 1 Regional center for specialized types of care of Budennovsk in 2018. This was reported by the press service of the regional Ministry of Health. The reason was the publication in the media, indicating as a cause of infection a medical error and negligence of medical staff.

Employees of the ministry checked the medical institution and revealed cases of non-compliance with sanitary requirements by the employees of the infectious diseases department during medical procedures. Responsible officials were held administratively and disciplined. The court will determine those responsible for the infection of hospital patients with HIV infection.

As Newstracker reported, five people became infected with HIV, including three children. A criminal case was opened on this fact under the article “Negligence”. The suspect in the case is the senior nurse of the medical institution, who, according to the investigation, did not instruct her subordinates and did not control their work. According to the publication, this has become one of the causes of infection.

Виновных в заражении пятерых пациентов больницы в Буденновске ВИЧ определит суд

Министерство здравоохранения Ставропольского края совместно с Роспотребнадзором и краевым центром СПИД проводит эпидемиологическое расследование по установлению причины заражения ВИЧ-инфекцией пятерых пациентов краевого центра специализированных видов помощи № 1 Буденновска в 2018 году. Об этом сообщает пресс-служба краевого Минздрава. Поводом послужили публикации в СМИ, указывающие в качестве причины заражения врачебную ошибку и халатность медперсонала.

Сотрудники министерства проверили медучреждение и выявили случаи несоблюдения санитарных требований сотрудниками инфекционного отделения при выполнении медицинских манипуляций. Ответственные должностные лица были привлечены к административной и дисциплинарной ответственности. Виновных в заражении пациентов больницы ВИЧ-инфекцией определит суд.

Как сообщал Newstracker, ВИЧ заразились пять человек , в том числе трое детей. По данному факту по статье «Халатность» завели уголовное дело. Подозреваемой по делу проходит старшая медсестра медучреждения, которая, по версии следствия, не проводила инструктаж с подчиненными и не проконтролировала их работу. По информации издания, это стало одной из причин заражения.


Russia: In Krasnodar Territory, man faces up to five years in prison for alleged HIV transmission

In Kuban, a man goes on trial for having deliberately infected a woman with HIV
December 19, 2019

Published in Регион онлайнon on December 18, 2019 – Google translation, for article in Russian, scroll down

In Kuban, a man goes on trial for having deliberately infected a woman with HIV

According to the victim, the law enforcement authorities initially did not even want to deal with her case.

In the Krasnodar Territory, a man will stand trial for having deliberately secretly infected his mistress with HIV.

From 2013 to 2018, the woman lived with a man who was hiding his illness from her. The victim found out that she was infected when she got a job and underwent a physical examination. In September 2019, she contacted the police. However, there she was refused to initiate criminal proceedings. Then the victim went to the prosecutor’s office.

– The audit showed that the attacker had been registered with the AIDS center since 2002, but hid it from the woman. After checking the prosecutor’s office, a criminal case was brought against him. For what he has done, he now faces up to five years in prison. A preliminary investigation is underway, the progress of which is controlled by the Anapa inter-district prosecutor’s office, the Region Online was informed in the press service of the prosecutor’s office of the Krasnodar Territory.

 На Кубани мужчина идет под суд за то, что специально заразил женщину ВИЧ

По словам потерпевшей, правоохранительные органы изначально даже не хотели заниматься ее делом

Краснодар, 18 декабря. В Краснодарском крае мужчина предстанет перед судом за то, что специально тайно заразил любовницу ВИЧ.

С 2013 по 2018 год женщина жила с мужчиной, который скрывал от нее свою болезнь. О том, что она заражена, пострадавшая узнала, когда устраивалась на работу и проходила медосмотр. В сентябре 2019 года она обратилась в полицию. Однако там ей отказали в возбуждении уголовного дела. Тогда потерпевшая отправилась в прокуратуру.

– Проверка показала, что злоумышленник с 2002 года стоял на учете в СПИД-центре, но скрыл это от женщины. После проверки прокуратуры уголовное дело в отношении него все же возбудили. За содеянное ему теперь грозить до пяти лет лишения свободы. В настоящее время идет предварительное расследование, ход которого контролирует Анапская межрайонная прокуратура, – сообщили «Регион online» в пресс-службе прокуратуры Краснодарского края.

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