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[Update]Canada: Ontario Court of Appeal upholds dangerous offender label for man who was convicted of aggravated sexual assault in 2012

Dangerous offender label upheld for HIV–positive man who pleaded guilty to sexual assault
August 19, 2019

Dangerous offender label upheld for HIV-positive man who pleaded guilty to sexual assault

An Ontario judge made legal errors in designating a man who withheld his HIV status from women he had sex with as a dangerous offender, but those mistakes did not affect the outcome of the case, the province’s highest court said in upholding the decision Monday.

X, 43, had a lengthy criminal record by the time he pleaded guilty to two counts of aggravated sexual assault involving two London, Ont., women with whom he had unprotected sexual activity, infecting them with the HIV virus.

In a 2010 incident, he sexually assaulted a woman with whom he was staying while she was sleeping, according to court documents. She discovered a year later that she had contracted HIV.

The second complainant was in an on-and-off relationship with X and had unprotected sex with him on multiple occasions while they were dating in 2010 and 2011, after he assured her he had no sexually transmitted diseases, documents say. She also tested positive for HIV later.

X had been told by doctors and his probation officer about the risks of having unprotected sex and his legal obligation to disclose his HIV status to any potential partners, documents say.

A judge deemed X a dangerous offender, a legal designation reserved for those repeatedly convicted of violent or sexual crimes, and sentenced him to remain behind bars indefinitely.

X appealed the dangerous offender label and the indeterminate sentence, arguing the judge didn’t properly conduct a prospective risk assessment and failed to take into account his Indigenous background.

In a unanimous decision released Monday, the Court of Appeal for Ontario said that while the judge didn’t conduct the risk assessment until the penalty stage, rather than doing so before declaring X a dangerous offender, “there is no reasonable possibility that the verdict would have been any different.”

The evidence overwhelmingly supported a finding that X could not be controlled in the community, the appeal court said, noting assessments found him to pose a moderate to high risk of violent or sexual recidivism.

X was also diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder and “significant psychopathic traits,” which suggest he would be less responsive to treatment, the court said.

While previously behind bars, X showed no signs of insight into his crimes or willingness to take part in corrective programming, it added.

“While there were signs of optimism because of his conduct at the Elgin Middlesex Detention Centre, the sentencing judge determined that this evidence amounted only to a possibility of eventual control in the community, not a reasonable expectation of such control,” it wrote.

The appeal court further found that though the judge did not reference a report meant to help take into account X’s Indigenous background in his sentencing, those factors would also not have affected the outcome.

X’s biological mother was of Mi’kmaq heritage and a member of the Millbrook First Nations in Nova Scotia, but he was adopted as an infant by a “loving and supportive” non-Indigenous family that moved to Toronto shortly afterwards, the court said.

As a child, he was exposed to some Indigenous practices, such a smudging ceremonies, through a non-Indigenous uncle, it said.

“His life of crime began in his teenage years and he did not meet members of his biological family until much later in life, after he committed the predicate offences,” the appeal court wrote.

The culturally specific recommendations in the pre-sentencing report did not address most of X’s risk factors, the appeal panel said.

“The risk of sexual and violent recidivism was the product of his serious personality disorder, his substance use disorder, his poor treatment and supervision history, and the dim prognosis for meaningful change,” it said.

“The only recommendation in the Gladue report of any relevance to addressing these risks was the suggestion that he attend a healing lodge offering traditional and cultural teachings to address a wide variety of concerns, including alcohol and drug addictions.”

X had previously been convicted of sexual assault causing bodily harm for the violent rape of a sex worker, for which he was sentenced to five years in prison, the documents say.

While serving that sentence, he was charged and convicted of counselling the murder of the police officer who investigated the sexual assault, they say. He received another five-year sentence for that offence.

He was convicted of further offences after his release and was on probation for those crimes when he committed the sexual assaults at the heart of the appeal.


 

The Crown will be seeking a dangerous offender status for an HIV-positive man who infected two women with the virus that causes AIDS. Daniel Gracie, 37, was brought into court in leg shackles before he made his guilty pleas to two counts of aggravated sexual assault before Superior Court Justice Peter Hockin. Both women have the same strain of the virus as Gracie. Defence lawyer Antin Jaremchuk has requested a Gladue report — a special pre-sentence report specific for First Nations offenders. Assistant Crown attorney Mark Czerkawski told Justice Peter Hockin that Gracie served a 10-year prison sentence for sexual assault causing bodily harm and counselling to commit murder starting in 1996. Gracie’s next court appearance is slated for Jan. 13.

Ukraine: Svetlana Moroz, chair of the Eurasian Women’s AIDS Network, talks about the campaign to decriminalise HIV

HIV criminalisation creates an atmosphere of false effectiveness of the State
August 17, 2019

Source: kontrakty.ua, August 14, 2019 – Google translation, scroll down for article in Russian

HIV criminalisation creates an atmosphere of false effectiveness of the State

Global changes in Ukrainian politics in the spring and summer of 2019 generated a new wave of “high expectations” of civil society in relation to changes in the field of legislation. As a result, along with calls to immediately punish all corrupt officials and restructure the domestic economy, the concept of “decriminalization” has come into use in the media over the past half year.

The most famous today are public campaigns to decriminalize medical cannabis and sex work. Both topics are considered “hot” from the point of view of journalists and there is no doubt that a serious public discussion in this area awaits us in the coming months.

Unfortunately, the topic of decriminalization of HIV today is far from the focus of media attention. The draft amendments to the Legislation in this area was submitted for discussion to state bodies by human rights defenders at the beginning of 2017, but either because of the catastrophic stigmatization of the topic, or because of the total disinterest of officials in solving the problem, it is still “under the cloth” .

About why article 130 part 1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine is so bad, how much the idea of ​​HIV transmission has changed over the past 30 years, and what do we need to do to remove the label “Potential Criminal” from tens of thousands of Ukrainians, we are talking with the chairman of the board of the Eurasian Women’s AIDS Network Svetlana Moroz.

Svetlana, I know that you have a lot of experience in protecting the rights of people living with HIV and you often represent Ukraine at international conferences on this topic. Is it true that the criminalization of HIV is a common place in the Criminal Codes of countries with different ideologies?

According to the HIV Justice Network and the Global Commission on HIV and Legislation, as of July 2018, 68 countries criminalize not reporting an HIV diagnosis, putting people at risk of transmission and transmitting HIV, and HIV-positive status can be considered aggravating and punishment of circumstance.

There is also information about prosecutions for HIV-positive status in 69 countries. The leaders in the number of criminal cases related to HIV are Belarus, Canada, Russia and the USA. Yes, in that order.

But, on the other hand, for the period 2012-2018. In several countries, such as Venezuela, Ghana, Greece, Honduras, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Malawi, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Switzerland, and two US states, laws criminalizing HIV transmission have been repealed. And this is also a fact.

What damage does HIV criminalization do in real life?

The criminalization of HIV is the application of existing criminal or other laws to people living with HIV (PLHIV) who establish responsibility for putting them at risk of infection and becoming infected with HIV.

Excessive use of laws that criminalize PLHIV is a public health problem, as it discredits evidence-based strategies for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support for PLHIV, and ignores scientific advances related to the risk of HIV transmission. Criminalization reinforces the stigma associated with HIV status and identifies HIV-positive people as potential criminals, which in turn further increases discrimination.

Thus, the fear of prosecution can deter many people living with HIV, in particular women and members of key groups (people who use drugs, sex workers, migrants, men who have sex with men and people from sex) from receiving the necessary treatment and support, prevents information disclosure and increases the vulnerability of people living with HIV to violence.

Much less commonly discussed is how these laws affect healthcare providers. When a criminal trial was conducted in the United States over an HIV-positive patient, his doctor was called as a witness. She told how she was in a situation where she was forced to violate professional ethics, confidentiality and trust of her patient. When the prosecutor congratulated her on the fact that she helped to put the “scum” behind bars, the doctor felt devastated, because she could not help her patient and even harmed him by violating the main oath – “do no harm”.

In Russia, it is enough for an HIV-positive person to bite or scratch a policeman to get a few months on top of the main sentence. In Belarus, people living with HIV, living in families with children for a long time, receive real terms, depending on who was first registered with the doctor.

How has the perception of HIV transmission changed over the past 30 years?

Science took a big step forward. We live in an era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART), which has made HIV infection a chronic disease. Three critical studies have shown that the risk of transmitting the virus to HIV-positive people with sufficiently suppressed ART viral load is zero.

At the same time, taking an HIV-negative person with pre-exposure prophylaxis (PCP) as prescribed by a doctor almost always protects against HIV infection. These facts helped lawyers defend themselves against criminal prosecution on charges of transmitting HIV and putting it at risk of being brought forward from misconceptions about HIV as a “deadly weapon”.

What is the main illusion of the criminalization of HIV?

Criminal prosecution of PLHIV places the responsibility for HIV solely on them, thus creating an atmosphere of false peace for the rest of society for their health. People think their partners will warn that they have HIV under pain of criminal liability. In reality, this rarely happens, because the very dynamics of intimate contact, especially random contacts, exclude such information. As a result, people do not practice safe sex because they believe that if the partner does not report having HIV, then he is healthy and you can’t protect yourself. In many cases, the additional burden of possible criminal responsibility for concealing HIV-positive status only exacerbates the problems, making it difficult to talk openly about HIV in building relationships, in the work community and in the family.

Criminalization creates an atmosphere of false state effectiveness: it is being eliminated from the implementation of effective HIV information and prevention programs.

When my organization began working in prisons in the Donetsk region in 2005, I listened with horror and indignation to the stories of social workers about how HIV + men who did not infect their wives and to whom their spouses had no complaints were serving their sentences. My colleague from Kharkov received a suspended sentence only because she was pregnant (a mitigating factor), otherwise, she would have been in prison for not informing the nurse about her HIV status.

What is the main goal of your advocacy campaign for decriminalizing HIV?

The maximum program is to remove HIV infection from criminal law and use general legislation, for example, causing harm to health where the intent of HIV infection has been proven. Otherwise, it is a stigma built into the laws.

We will also consider as a big advance the cancellation of Part 1 of Article 130 of the Civil Code of Ukraine (Intentionally putting another person in danger of contracting the human immunodeficiency virus or other incurable infectious disease that is dangerous to human life – is punishable by arrest for up to three months or restriction of liberty for up to five years , or imprisonment for up to three years), which human rights activists and activists have been talking about for many years, but the proposed laws were lost in bureaucratic corridors back in 2016. Our country has a very progressive AIDS Law, but the Criminal Code contradicts it.

And, of course, the minimum program – in our country, where laws are still in place that criminalize the transmission of HIV, the courts must, in accordance with the standards of the criminal process, require evidence of intent to transmit HIV. It is impossible to presume or justify the existence of intent by circumstances such as knowledge and / or non-reporting by the accused of their HIV-positive status, participation in unprotected sex, having a baby without taking measures to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, or sharing injecting drug use equipment .

It should be noted that people living with HIV suffer from multiple criminalization, since many of them belong to marginalized groups – people who use drugs and have sex work. They are being persecuted for possession of drugs for personal use and for engaging in sex work. This, of course, is a separate big problem, worthy of increased attention of human rights defenders of Ukraine.

Interview conducted by:  Sergey Myasoedov (Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union)


Криминализация ВИЧ создает атмосферу ложной эффективности работы государства

Глобальные изменения в украинском политикуме весной-летом 2019 года породили новую волну «больших ожиданий» гражданского общества применительно к изменениям в сфере законодательства. В итоге, наряду с призывами немедленно наказать всех коррупционеров и реструктурировать отечественную экономику, в СМИ за последние пол-года в обиход вошло понятие «декриминализация».

Наиболее известными на сегодня являются общественные кампании по декриминализации медицинской конопли и секс-работы. Обе темы считаются «горячими» с точки зрения журналистов и несомненно, что в ближайшие месяцы нас ожидает серьезная общественная дискуссия в этой сфере.

К сожалению, тема декриминализации ВИЧ на сегодня далека от фокуса внимания СМИ. Проект изменений Законодательства в этой сфере был передан правозащитниками на обсуждение в гос органы еще в начале 2017 года, но, то ли в силу катастрофической стигматизированности темы, то ли в силу тотальной незаинтересованности чиновников в решении проблемы, он до сих пор находится «под сукном».

О том, почему статья 130 часть 1-я УК Украины так плоха, насколько изменились представления о передаче ВИЧ за последние 30 лет, и что же нам нужно сделать, чтобы убрать с десятков тысяч украинцев ярлык «Потенциальный преступник» беседуем с председательницей правления Евразийской Женской Сети по СПИДу Светланой Мороз.

Светлана я знаю, что у вас очень большой опыт работы по защите прав людей, живущих с ВИЧ и вы часто представляете Украину на международных конференциях по данной тематике. Правда ли, что криминализация ВИЧ является общим местом в Уголовных Кодексах стран с различной идеологией?

Согласно данным HIV Justice Network и Глобальной комиссии по ВИЧ и Законодательству по состоянию на июль 2018 года, в 68 странах предусмотрена уголовная ответственность за несообщение диагноза ВИЧ, поставление в опасность инфицирования и передачу ВИЧ, а ВИЧ-положительный статус может рассматриваться в качестве отягчающего ответственность и наказание обстоятельства.

Также имеется информация о случаях уголовного преследования в связи с ВИЧ-положительным статусом в 69 странах. Лидерами по количеству уголовных дел, связанных с ВИЧ, являются Беларусь, Канада, Россия и США. Да, в такой последовательности.

Но, с другой стороны, за период 2012-2018 гг. в ряде стран, например, в Венесуэле, Гане, Греции, Гондурасе, Зимбабве, Кении, Малави, Монголии, Таджикистане, Швейцарии и двух штатах США, были отменены законы, предусматривающие уголовную ответственность за передачу ВИЧ. И это тоже факт.

Какой ущерб наносит людям криминализация ВИЧ в реальной жизни?

Криминализация ВИЧ – это применение существующих уголовных или других законов в отношении людей, живущих с ВИЧ (ЛЖВ), устанавливающих ответственность за постановку в опасность заражения и заражение ВИЧ-инфекцией.

Чрезмерное использование законов, которые криминализуют ЛЖВ, является проблемой общественного здравоохранения, поскольку дискредитирует основанные на фактических данных стратегии в отношении профилактики ВИЧ-инфекции, а также лечения, ухода и поддержки ЛЖВ, и игнорирует научные достижения, связанные с риском передачи ВИЧ-инфекции. Криминализация усиливает стигму, связанную с ВИЧ-статусом, и идентифицирует ВИЧ-положительных людей, как потенциальных преступников, что, в свою очередь, еще больше повышает дискриминацию.

Таким образом, страх перед судебным преследованием может удерживать многих людей, живущих с ВИЧ, в частности женщин и представителей ключевых групп (люди, употребляющие наркотики, секс работницы_ки, мигранты, мужчины, имеющие секс с мужчинами и транслюди) от получения необходимого лечения и поддержки, препятствует раскрытию информации и повышает уязвимость людей, живущих с ВИЧ, к насилию.

Намного реже обсуждается то, как эти законы влияют на медицинских работников. Когда в США шел уголовный процесс над ВИЧ-положительным пациентом, в качестве свидетеля была вызвана его врач. Она рассказала, как оказалась в ситуации, когда была вынуждена нарушить и профессиональную этику, конфиденциальность и доверие своего пациента. Когда прокурор поздравил ее с тем, что она помогла отправить за решетку «подонка», врач почувствовала себя опустошенной, поскольку она не смогла помочь своему пациенту и даже навредила ему, чем преступила главную клятву – «не навреди».

В России достаточно ВИЧ-положительному человеку укусить или поцарапать полицейского, чтобы получить несколько месяцев сверху к основному приговору. В Беларуси люди, живущие с ВИЧ, долгое время прожившие в семьях, имеющие детей, получают реальные сроки, в зависимости от того, кто первый был поставлен на учет к врачу.

Как изменилось представление о передаче ВИЧ за последние 30 лет?

Наука сильно шагнула вперед. Мы живем в эпоху высоко активной антиретровирусной терапии (АРТ), которая сделала ВИЧ-инфекцию хроническим заболеванием. Три важнейших исследования доказали, что риск передачи вируса ВИЧ-положительными людьми с достаточно подавленной АРТ вирусной нагрузкой равен нулю.

В то же время, прием ВИЧ-отрицательным человеком доконтактной профилактики (ДКП) в соответствии с предписаниями врача почти всегда защищает от инфицирования ВИЧ. Эти факты помогли юристам в защите от уголовного преследования по обвинениям в передаче ВИЧ и поставлении в опасность инфицирования, предъявленным из неверных представлений о ВИЧ как о «смертельном оружии».

В чем состоит главная иллюзия криминализации ВИЧ?

Уголовное преследование ЛЖВ перекладывает ответственность за ВИЧ исключительно на них, создавая таким образом атмосферу ложного спокойствия остальных членов общества за свое здоровье. Люди думают, что под страхом уголовной ответственности их партнеры предупредят, что у них ВИЧ. В реальности это происходит редко, потому что сама динамика интимного контакта, особенно случайных контактов, исключает подобное информирование. В итоге люди не практикуют защищенный секс, потому что считают, если партнер не сообщил о наличии у него ВИЧ, значит он здоров и можно не предохраняться. Во многих случаях дополнительное бремя возможной уголовной ответственности за сокрытие ВИЧ-положительного статуса только усиливает проблемы, мешая открыто говорить о ВИЧ при установлении отношений, в рабочем коллективе и семье. В результате общество не защищено существующим уголовным законодательством в отношении ЛЖВ от ВИЧ-инфекции, а даже наоборот.

Криминализация создает атмосферу ложной эффективности работы государства: оно устраняется от реализации эффективных программ информирования и профилактики ВИЧ.

Когда моя организация начинала работать в местах лишения свободы в Донецкой области в 2005 году, я с ужасом и негодованием слушала истории соцработников о том, как отбывают свои сроки ВИЧ+ мужчины, которые не инфицировали своих жен и к которым их супруги не имели никаких претензий. Моя коллега из Харькова получила условный срок, только потому что была беременная (смягчающий фактор), иначе, сидела бы в тюрьме за то, что не сообщила медсестре о своем ВИЧ-статусе.

Какова основная цель вашей правозащитной деятельности в связи с кампанией по декриминализации ВИЧ?

Программа максимум – убрать ВИЧ-инфекцию из криминального законодательства и использовать общее законодательство, например, причинение вреда здоровью там, где доказан умысел инфицирования ВИЧ. Иначе, это встроенная в законы стигма.

Большим продвижением мы также посчитаем отмену части 1 статьи 130 КК Украины (Заведомое поставление другого лица в опасность заражения вирусом иммунодефицита человека либо иной неизлечимой инфекционной болезни, опасной для жизни человека, – наказывается арестом на срок до трех месяцев или ограничением свободы на срок до пяти лет, или лишением свободы на срок до трех лет), о которой правозащитники и активисты говорят много лет, но предложенные законы потерялись в бюрократических коридорах еще в 2016 году. В нашей стране существует очень прогрессивный Закон о СПИДе, но Криминальный Кодекс ему противоречит.

И, конечно, программа минимум – в нашей стране, где все еще действуют законы, предусматривающие уголовную ответственность за передачу ВИЧ, суды должны в соответствии со стандартами уголовного процесса требовать доказательства о наличии умысла передачи ВИЧ. Нельзя предполагать или обосновывать наличие умысла такими обстоятельствами, как знание и/или несообщение обвиняемым своего ВИЧ-положительного статуса, участие в незащищенном половом контакте, рождение ребенка без принятия мер по профилактике передачи ВИЧ от матери к ребенку, либо совместное использование инструментария для инъекционного употребления наркотиков.

Тут нужно отметить, что люди, живущие с ВИЧ, страдают от множественной криминализации, поскольку многие из них принадлежат к маргинализированным группам – к людям, употребляющим наркотики и занимающимся секс-работой. Их преследуют за хранение наркотиков с целью личного употребления и за занятие секс-работой. Это конечно же отдельная большая проблема, достойная повышенного внимания правозащитников Украины.

Интервью  вёл: Сергей Мясоедов (Украинский Хельсинкский союз по правам человека)

[Update]France: Man sentenced to 7 years for alleged deliberate HIV transmission released under supervision order pending appeal

HIV transmitted to partner: he is released before a new trial
August 13, 2019

Source Ouest-France, August 13, 2019.  For Article in French, please scroll down. 

HIV transmitted to his partner: he is released before a new trial

Sentenced in June 2019 in Caen in a very rare case of contamination by HIV (AIDS virus), a man in his thirties appealed.

On Tuesday, August 13, 2019, he was released pending his new trial.

Friday, June 21, 2019, the Assize Court of Calvados sentenced a man of 37 years to seven years in prison for transmitting HIV to his ex

In this extremely rare case of “administration of harmful substance followed by permanent disability”, the jurors considered that he had acted knowingly and without informing his companion of his HIV status. The Congolese national appealed a few days later.

This Tuesday, August 13, 2019 in Caen, he returned to the examining chamber to decide on his continued detention. Because Jim (given name) was, before his trial, placed under judicial control, “that he always respected,” said his lawyer.

He disputes the charges, finding that his ex was informed of his condition. “He was able to believe that his viral load was under control since he was no longer given treatment” during a previous stay in prison, said his lawyer. The examining Chamber has granted his application for release but under strict judicial control. In particular, he must have a valid residence permit.


Condamné en juin 2019 à Caen dans une affaire très rare de contamination par le VIH (virus du sida), un trentenaire a fait appel. Ce mardi 13 août 2019, il a été remis en liberté en attendant son nouveau procès.

Vendredi 21 juin 2019, la cour d’assises du Calvados avait condamné un homme de 37 ans à sept ans de prison pour avoir transmis le VIH à son ex-compagne en 2012. Pour ce cas rarissime d’« administration de substance nuisible suivie d’infirmité permanente », les jurés avaient estimé qu’il avait agi sciemment et sans informer sa compagne de sa séropositivité.

Écroué, le ressortissant congolais a interjeté appel quelques jours plus tard. Ce mardi 13 août 2019 à Caen, il revenait à la chambre de l’instruction de se prononcer sur son maintien en détention. Car Jim (prénom d’emprunt) était, avant son procès, placé sous contrôle judiciaire, « qu’il a toujours respecté », rappelle son avocate. Il conteste les accusations, estimant que son ex était informée de son état. « Il a pu croire que sa charge virale était maîtrisée puisqu’on ne lui administrait plus de traitement » lors d’un précédent séjour en prison, souligne son avocate.

La chambre de l’instruction a fait droit à sa demande de remise en liberté, mais sous un contrôle judiciaire strict. Il devra notamment se munir d’un titre de séjour en règle.

Caen. Conjointe contaminée par le VIH : il est libéré avant un nouveau procès

 

Source: Ouest France, June 22.06.2019

7 years in jail for transmitting HIV to his partner

This Friday, June 21, 2019, the Assize Court of Calvados sentenced a 37-year-old man to seven years in prison for knowingly transmitting HIV to his ex-companion in 2012. There is often, in a lawsuit, a moment where the debate goes round in circles. The president Jeanne Chéenne took things in hand: “Monsieur you say to have been misinformed of your state of health, it is right? ” ” Yes. For once, the accused, father of four, handsome man, “Don Juan” of 37 years in the voice calm and assured, answers without hesitation. It is necessary to recognize that in this file, neither the context, nor the questions , and even less the answers are simple.

The man, who has already spent two years in pre-trial detention, is accused of knowingly transmitting HIV to his ex-companion in June 2012. In memory of the magistrate in Caen, we never had to rule on the subject. Twenty such affairs in France, at most.

From love at first sight to trial

For two days, the court listened to the accused recount his “normal” childhood in the Congo where he was born in 1982; his arrival in Europe; his many relations with women, parcelled with violence (two convictions amongst 22 other mentions in his criminal record).

The court also heard the investigator, the experts, the ex-companions of the defendant. And the woman sitting on the bench of the civil parties who tells of her “love at first sight”, the discovery of his HIV infection after sex without a condom and two years later of the betrayal of the one who is now the father of her daughter, non-carrier of the virus. “He knew from the beginning, he did not tell me anything. “

Friday morning, the second day of the trial, it is the medical record of the accused that is examined with a magnifying glass. “Mr. could transmit HIV in June 2012, he knew he was HIV positive. Contagiousness and high viral load are indicated, “says professor Jean-Christophe Plantier, virologist and expert. Could he not know that it was contagious? “In prison, I had no treatment, I was not given information about my viral load (an undetectable viral load and treatment followed avoid transmission but do not eliminate the virus, Ed). I was told that my situation was normal. I am patient, not a doctor.

“A criminal”

For Me Aline Lebret, the lawyer for the civil parties, he is really “a time bomb”. Attorney General Valérie Blot, who asked for 10 years in prison, goes further: “Someone who is HIV positive, who does not take a treatment, who is contagious and who transmits HIV, is a criminal.

Inaudible for his lawyer, Mr. Kian Barakat, traces the course of a “lonely boy, brave who does cleaning jobs to live”: “Madame took a risk, and it is impossible to say with certainty that it was Mr. who has contaminated Madame, the doctor confirmed it. The lack of certainty, in law, is called doubt and it must benefit the accused. I ask for acquittal. “I want to follow a path that is right, live happily,” the accused ends.

The accuser, her eyes full of tears, has already left the room. After three hours of deliberation, the court declares the accused guilty of administering injurious substance followed by permanent infirmity and sentenced him to seven years in prison with a detention warrant. He has ten days to appeal.

—————————————————————–

Sida. 7 ans de prison pour avoir transmis sciemment le VIH à son ex

Ce vendredi 21 juin 2019, la cour d’assises du Calvados a condamné un homme de 37 ans à sept ans de prison pour avoir transmis sciemment le VIH à son ex-compagne en 2012.

Il y a souvent, dans un procès, un moment où le débat tourne en rond. La présidente Jeanne Chéenne prend les choses en main : « Monsieur vous dites avoir été mal informé de votre état de santé, c’est bien ça ? » « Oui. » Pour une fois, l’accusé, père de quatre enfants, bel homme, « Don Juan » de 37 ans à la voix calme et assurée, répond sans louvoyer.

Il faut reconnaître que dans ce dossier, ni le contexte, ni les questions, et encore moins les réponses ne sont simples. L’homme, qui a déjà passé deux ans en détention provisoire, est accusé d’avoir sciemment transmis le VIH à son ex-compagne en juin 2012. De mémoire de magistrat caennais, on n’a jamais eu à statuer sur le sujet. Une vingtaine de dossiers en France, tout au plus.

Du coup de foudre au procès

Pendant deux jours, la cour a écouté l’accusé raconter son enfance « normale » au Congo où il est né en 1982 ; son arrivée en Europe ; ses nombreuses relations avec les femmes, émaillées de violences (deux condamnations parmi 22 mentions au casier judiciaire).

La cour a entendu aussi l’enquêteur, les experts, les ex-compagnes de l’accusé. Et la femme assise sur le banc des parties civiles qui, du bout des lèvres, raconte son « coup de foudre », la découverte de sa contamination au VIH après une relation sexuelle sans préservatif et deux ans plus tard celle de la trahison de celui qui est désormais le père de sa fille, non porteuse du virus. « Il savait dès le début, il ne m’a rien dit. »

Vendredi matin, au 2e jour du procès, c’est le dossier médical de l’accusé qui est ausculté à la loupe. « Monsieur pouvait transmettre le VIH en juin 2012, il savait qu’il était séropositif. Contagiosité et charge virale élevée sont indiquées », assure le professeur Jean-Christophe Plantier, virologue et expert.

Pouvait-il ignorer qu’il était contagieux ? « En prison, je n’avais pas de traitement, on ne m’a pas donné d’information sur ma charge virale (une charge virale indétectable et un traitement suivi évitent la transmission mais n’éliminent pas le virus, N.D.L.R.), on m’a dit que ma situation était normale. Je suis patient, pas médecin. »

« Un criminel »

Pour Me Aline Lebret, l’avocate des parties civiles, il est surtout « une bombe à retardement ». L’avocate générale Valérie Blot, qui a requis 10 ans de prison, va plus loin : « Quelqu’un qui est séropositif, qui ne prend pas de traitement, qui est contagieux et qui transmet le VIH, c’est un criminel. »

Inaudible pour son avocate, Me Kian Barakat, qui retrace le parcours d’un « garçon esseulé, courageux qui fait des ménages pour vivre » : « Madame a pris un risque, et il est impossible de dire la certitude que c’est monsieur qui a contaminé madame, le médecin l’a confirmé. L’absence de certitude, en droit, ça s’appelle le doute et il doit profiter à l’accusé. Je demande l’acquittement. » « Je veux suivre un chemin qui est droit, vivre heureux », termine l’accusé. L’accusatrice, les yeux chargés de larmes, a déjà quitté la salle.

Après trois heures de délibéré, la cour déclare l’accusé (1) coupable d’administration de substance nuisible suivie d’infirmité permanente et l’a condamné à sept ans de prison avec mandat de dépôt. Il a dix jours pour faire appel.


 

March 20, 2019 Source: Ouest France

Google translation – For article in French, please scroll down

Normandy. A man living with HIV is accused of having voluntarily transmitted the virus to his partner
A 36-year-old man with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is suspected of having knowingly infected his ex-wife in 2012 in Bayeux. He will be tried by the Assize Court of Calvados in Caen on 20 and 21 June 2019.

Did he voluntarily transmit HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) to his ex-wife in 2012 in Bayeux? This will be the issue of the trial to be held in Caen, in front of the Calvados court, on Thursday 20 and Friday 21 June 2019.

For two days, a Congolese man, 36 years old, will be tried for “administration of a harmful substance followed by mutilation or permanent disability” towards his ex-wife.

Two years spent in pre-trial detention
After spending two years in pre-trial detention in this unusual case, the accused was released by decision of the investigating division of the Caen Court of Appeal on 6 March 2018.

The defendant will therefore appear freely before the assize court. Her ex-girlfriend accuses her of hiding her HIV status from her while they were having an affair in Bayeux between June 1 and August 17, 2012. “The facts are disputed by my client,” explains Kian Barakat, the defense attorney.


 

Normandie. Séropositif, il est accusé d’avoir transmis volontairement le virus à sa compagne

Porteur du virus de l’immunodéficience humaine (VIH), un homme de 36 ans est soupçonné d’avoir, en connaissance de cause, contaminé son ex-compagne en 2012 à Bayeux. Il sera jugé par la cour d’assises du Calvados, à Caen, les 20 et 21 juin 2019.

A-t-il transmis le VIH (virus de l’immunodéficience humaine) volontairement à son ex-compagne, en 2012, à Bayeux ? Ce sera l’enjeu du procès qui se tiendra à Caen, devant les assises du Calvados, les jeudi 20 et vendredi 21 juin 2019.

Durant deux jours, un Congolais, 36 ans, sera jugé pour « administration de substance nuisible suivie de mutilation ou infirmité permanente » envers son ex-compagne.

Deux années passées en détention provisoire

Après avoir passé deux ans en détention provisoire dans cette affaire peu commune, l’accusé avait recouvré la liberté par décision de la chambre de l’instruction de la cour d’appel de Caen le 6 mars 2018.

Le mis en cause comparaîtra donc libre devant la cour d’assises. Son ex-compagne lui reproche de lui avoir caché sa séropositivité alors qu’ils entretenaient une liaison à Bayeux entre le 1er juin et le 17 août 2012. « Les faits sont contestés par mon client », explique Kian Barakat, l’avocate de la défense.



March 14, 2018 – Source: Ouest France

HIV transmission: Spouse Released Under Judicial Supervision

Prosecuted for contaminating his partner, an HIV-positive Congolese had been in custody for two years. He will be released. So has decided the Court of Appeal of Caen, this Tuesday, on March 6, 2018.

On March 11, 2018, Jim * will have his freedom. He will have reached the end of the maximum period of detention while on remand: two years. This 32-year-old Congolese had been imprisoned since 2016. It is an unusual case. It started with Lisa *’s complaint in March 2014.

Jim’s spouse, she accused him of hiding his HIV status at the beginning of their relationship, in June 2012, between Bayeux and Saint-Lô. While they first used protection, they move quickly to sex without a condom. But in August 2012, Lisa complains of migraines and fatigue. He would then have confided: he had, probably, transmitted HIV, which he has just contracted.

The couple continued to have unprotected sex, and even had a child. Lisa is treated with tri-therapy to counter the virus. But in 2014, searching through the affairs of his spouse, the young woman discovered that he knew of his HIV status well before 2012.

An “egocentric personality”

A complex investigation starts. The old liaisons or concubines of Jim are identified. One is also HIV-positive, but Jim did not hide from her that he was carrying the virus. Several ex-companions say he was “violent” towards them.

A professor at the University Hospital of Caen was asked for his expertise in virology. He estimated that Jim was contaminated in 2004, that he knew it since 2006. Described as an “egocentric personality with a tendency to manipulation” by a psychologist expert, the Congolese with a heavy judicial past does not follow his treatment.

An important consideration was raised in the procedure, the general counsel: the prisoner is indicted for “administration of harmful substance followed by permanent disability by concubine”. “However the medical expertise that would have confirmed either total incapacity for work (ITT) or permanent disability is lacking: we are not sure about the criminal characterization of the facts. ”

In addition, the prolongation of detention on remand can only be carried out in case of necessary investigations to be continued. A potential victim is still to be contacted, “but she has already been known to the investigating judge for several years,” the prosecution notes. Continued detention cannot therefore be supported.

The court ruled that Jim could be released. It will nevertheless be placed under judicial control, and must have no contact with witnesses and victims, and he has to sign-in regularly.

Published in Ouest France on March 14, 2018

————————————————–

Contamination au VIH : le conjoint libéré sous contrôle judiciaire

Poursuivi pour avoir contaminé sa compagne, un Congolais séropositif était en détention provisoire depuis deux ans. Il sera remis en liberté. Ainsi en a décidé la cour d’appel de Caen, ce mardi 6 mars 2018.

Le 11 mars 2018, Jim* retrouvera la liberté. Il sera arrivé au bout de la durée maximale d’une détention provisoire : deux ans. Ce Congolais âgé de 32 ans était écroué depuis 2016, dans le cadre d’une affaire peu commune. Elle démarre par la plainte de Lisa*, en mars 2014.

Conjointe de Jim, elle l’accuse de lui avoir caché sa séropositivité au début de leur relation, en juin 2012, entre Bayeux et Saint-Lô. D’abord protégés, leurs rapports se font rapidement sans préservatif. Mais en août 2012, Lisa se plaint de migraines et de fatigue. Il se serait confié : il lui a, sans doute, transmis le VIH, qu’il vient de contracter.

Le couple continue d’avoir des rapports sexuels non protégés, et a même un enfant. Lisa est soigné par tri thérapie pour contrer le virus. Mais en 2014, en fouillant dans les affaires de son conjoint, la jeune femme aurait découvert qu’il avait connaissance de sa séropositivité bien avant 2012.

Une « personnalité égocentrique »

Une enquête complexe démarre. Les anciennes liaisons ou concubines de Jim sont identifiées. L’une est également séropositive, mais Jim ne lui avait pas caché être porteur du virus. Plusieurs ex-compagnes indiquent qu’il était « violent » avec elles.

Un professeur du CHU de Caen est sollicité pour son expertise en virologie. Il estime que Jim a été contaminé en 2004, qu’il le savait depuis 2006. Décrit comme une « personnalité égocentrique avec tendance à la manipulation » par un expert psychologue, le Congolais au lourd passé judiciaire ne suit pas son traitement.

Souci de taille dans la procédure, que soulève l’avocate générale : le détenu est mis en examen pour « administration de substance nuisible suivie d’infirmité permanente par concubin ». « Mais il manque l’expertise médicale qui aurait fixé soit l’incapacité totale de travail (ITT) ou l’infirmité permanente : nous n’avons pas de certitude sur la qualification criminelle des faits. »

En outre, la prolongation de la détention provisoire ne peut se faire qu’en cas de nécessaires investigations à poursuivre. Il reste une victime à potentielle à contacter, « mais déjà connue du juge d’instruction depuis plusieurs années », note l’accusation. Elle ne peut soutenir le maintien en détention.

La cour a décidé que Jim pouvait être remis en liberté. Il sera néanmoins placé sous contrôle judiciaire, avec interdiction d’entrer en contact avec témoins et victimes, et obligation de pointer.

 

[Update]Canada: Ontario’s Court of Appeal quashed attempted murder convictions and ordered retrial of man convicted in 2012 for alleged HIV non-disclosure

Court upholds sex assault conviction for man who didn’t tell partners he was HIV–positive
August 12, 2019

Source: CBC Canada, August 12, 2019

Appeal court orders retrial of HIV-positive Ottawa man convicted of attempted murder

Trial judge did not adequately instruct jury on what needed to be proven

Ontario’s Court of Appeal has quashed three convictions and ordered the retrial of an Ottawa man who was convicted of attempted murder in 2012 after failing to disclose his HIV-positive status to three sex partners.

Steven Boone was originally found guilty of three counts of attempted murder and three counts of aggravated sexual assault.

Boone was also found guilty of two counts of administering a noxious thing — HIV — and one count of attempting to do so, but the trial judge stayed those charges.

In a ruling released on Monday, the appeal court found that the trial judge did not adequately instruct the jury on what needed to be proven to find Boone guilty of attempted murder. It quashed the convictions and ordered a new trial.

During the trial, the Crown relied heavily on sexually explicit online chat history, in which Boone would seek sex with HIV-negative men.

Monday’s ruling states the trial judge failed to instruct the jury that in order to find Boone guilty of attempting to murder his sexual partners, the Crown had to prove Boone believed death was a certainty.

“It was essential that the jury be told that it could convict the appellant on the attempted murder charges only if satisfied beyond a reasonable doubt that the appellant acted with the purpose of killing each of the complainants, or that he believed their death at some point in the future from AIDS was a virtually certain consequence of HIV infection,” the ruling says.

Jury needed ‘specific instruction’“There was a real danger that without the specific instruction outlined above, that the jury would proceed on the basis that the appellant ‘meant’ any consequence that he saw as a possible or probable consequence of HIV infection.”

The appeal court is also ordering a new trial for the charge of attempting to administer a noxious thing, which was originally stayed.

The first charges were laid against Boone in 2010 after a then-17-year-old Ottawa man came forward to police.

He had tested positive for HIV after having unprotected sex with Boone several times, and he said Boone never told him he had the disease.

Ottawa police released Boone’s photo, seeking any other potential victims.

Monday’s ruling said Boone was sentenced in 2016 to 14 years in prison, less time served, and handed a long-term supervision order.


 TORONTO — An aggravated sexual assault conviction will stand for a man who had unprotected sex with two other men without telling them he was HIV-positive.

In a ruling this week, Ontario’s top court upheld the December 2012 jury conviction against Steven Boone, who argued the complainants would have had sex with him anyway.

Ontario’s top court upheld the December 2012 jury conviction against Steven Boone

Among other things, Boone argued the trial judge should have instructed jurors to acquit him if they found the complainants were reckless or prepared to assume the risk of unprotected sex without knowing the sexual health of their partner.

“It is one thing to be careless or reckless about whether a risk exists — and quite another to assume a known risk,” the Appeal Court said in rejecting the argument.

“Even if the complainants were reckless in their sexual behaviour, whether in the past or at the time of their sexual encounter with the appellant, this has no bearing on the issue whether they would have consented had they known of the appellant’s HIV-positive status.”

Evidence shows Boone knew in October 2009 he was infected — a fact he failed to mention before the impugned sexual activity in March 2010 in Kitchener, Ont.

After two sexual rounds, one of which involved a foursome, Boone sent a text to one of the complainants to let him know — much to his horror — that he was HIV-positive.

Neither complainant, who sought immediate medical attention, contracted the virus that can lead to AIDS.

At trial, Boone admitted to the unprotected sex and withholding his health status. The complainants testified they would not have had sex with him had they known — the central issue at trial.

Before the trial, Boone’s lawyer won permission to grill the complainants on their prior sexual conduct — normally off-limits in cases of sexual assault. Both admitted to regularly having unprotected sex — including group sex — with men whose HIV status they did not know, court records show.

Boone argued the evidence showing they had been sexually careless in the past cast doubt on their claim that they would not have had sex with him had they known he was HIV-positive. The Appeal Court disagreed.

In its ruling, the court said a person must disclose their HIV-positive status before having sex — an obligation that doesn’t end if the proposed partner had previously been reckless.

The decision includes a discussion — at the Crown’s request — of the earlier ruling allowing Boone’s lawyer to cross-examine the complainants on their prior sexual conduct.

Even if the complainants were reckless in their sexual behaviour … this has no bearing on the issue whether they would have consented had they known of the appellant’s HIV-positive status

In his reasons, Justice Robert Sharpe said he wanted to clarify the law, which aims to protect sexual-assault complainants from the “twin myths” that their past sexual behaviour either made it more likely they had given consent or that they were less worthy of belief. Ultimately, Sharpe decided, the judge had been wrong to allow the questioning.

“There are many cases, among them sexual assault, where consent is at issue in which the accused is faced with incriminating evidence from a witness that is difficult to challenge,” the decision states.

“Such difficulties do not justify changing, bending or distorting the law to make it easier for the accused to raise a reasonable doubt.”

US: Man charged with eleven counts of felonious assaults in Ohio for having sex without disclosing his status

Court docs: Northside man indicted for having sex without telling victim he was HIV positive
August 10, 2019

Source: Fox 19 – August 9, 2019

Court docs: Northside man indicted for having sex without telling victim he was HIV positive

CINCINNATI (FOX19) – A Northside man was indicted Thursday on eleven counts of felonious assault, one for each time he knowingly had sex with a woman without telling her he tested positive for HIV, court documents say.

According to the indictment, Christopher Cummins, 46, began having sex with the victim in 2008.

Records from the Ohio Department of Health confirm Cummins was diagnosed with HIV in 2006.

The criminal complaint states he continued to have sex with the victim for more than 10 years without telling her he tested positive.

US: Another arrest for alleged HIV exposure in Georgia highlights why HIV laws need to be modernised

HIV–positive man in Athens arrested for having sex
August 8, 2019

Source: ProjectQ, August 7, 2019

HIV-positive man in Athens arrested for having sex

A 52-year-old Athens man was arrested and charged with exposing a person to HIV, leading one activist to criticize Georgia’s “HIV hysteria.”

XX allegedly had sex with a woman in June without informing her he had HIV, according to the Athens Banner-Herald. 

X was arrested on July 11 and charged with reckless conduct by a person with HIV, which is a felony. He remains in Athens-Clarke County Jail nearly a month later on a $3,000 bond, according to the Clarke County Sheriff’s Office. The woman’s HIV test results later came back negative, according to the Banner-Herald.

X’s arrest reiterates why Georgia needs to modernize its HIV laws, according to Eric Paulk, deputy executive director of Georgia Equality.

“HIV criminal laws in Georgia treat people living with HIV differently than folks living with other serious communicable diseases,” Paulk told Project Q Atlanta. “This difference in treatment can lead to arrest and felony prosecution, even when the individual engages in behavior that has no likelihood of transmission.”

Georgia is one of some three-dozen states that criminalize a lack of HIV disclosure. Activists and lawmakers have tried for years to modernize state law by decriminalizing HIV. 

A Republican lawmaker introduced an HIV decriminalization bill on the final day of this year’s legislative session. It will be back in the 2020 session. 

Paulk and Georgia Equality are part of the Georgia HIV Justice Coalition, which works to change the state’s HIV criminalization laws. 

“These laws are discriminatory and stigmatizing relics from a bygone era steeped in homophobia and HIV hysteria which fail to recognize updates to science including U=U [undetectable equals untransmittable] and lack of evidence that these laws actually decrease new transmissions,” Paulk said. “It’s time for Georgia to acknowledge the importance of modernizing these laws and advancing safety and dignity for people living with HIV.”

[Update]US: Woman arrested after claims of alleged HIV exposure on video tells police she is not HIV-positive

Americus PD investigates woman accused of spreading HIV
August 7, 2019

Source:  The Bismarck Tribune, August 7, 2019

Police: Woman says she lied in video about spreading HIV

AMERICUS, Ga. (AP) — A Georgia woman told police she lied about being HIV-positive in a viral Facebook Live rant in which she claimed to have intentionally infected others.

Americus Police Maj. Herman Lamar told The Associated Press on Wednesday that XX met with detectives and showed them results of a September 2018 blood test indicating she did not have HIV. Lamar said she agreed to take an additional blood test.

Americus police began investigating after receiving links last week to the video that showed XX naming men she claimed to have infected, along with their wives and girlfriends.

“She stated she was angry at the people named in the video when she posted it,” Lamar said.

He said that during her interview with investigators Tuesday, XX also agreed to take a new blood test to prove her HIV status. Police are awaiting results of that test before deciding whether she should face charges, Lamar said.

It is a felony in Georgia to knowingly transmit HIV.


Source WALB, August 6, 2019

Americus PD investigates woman accused of spreading HIV

AMERICUS, Ga. (WALB) – The Americus Police Department is investigating a viral Facebook Live video of a woman saying she is HIV positive and naming multiple partners she may have gave the disease to.

Police said they have received numerous calls after the video went viral on social media.

Police contacted one of the victims named in the video.

He has filed a compliant, allowing the police to begin the investigation.

The woman has not been questioned or taken into custody at this time.

If the claims are true, Americus Police said she would have committed a felony because she is having unprotected sex while knowingly being HIV positive.

WALB has seen the video and decided not to show any portion of it because she has not been charged.

As of Friday afternoon, the viral video has been viewed over 86,000 times and shared more than 30,000 times with more than a thousand comments.

Russia: 23-year-old man already in prison for murder, sentenced to 8 years and 6 months in prison for alleged HIV infection

Tyumen, specially infected with HIV, received nine years in prison
August 6, 2019

Google translation. For article in Russian, scroll down

Source: Komsomolskaya Pravda , August 5, 2019

Tyumen, specially infected with HIV, received nine years in prison

Before that, the young man, moreover, committed the murder

A criminal conviction was handed down in Tyumen against a convicted 23-year-old local resident. He was found guilty of HIV infection to a woman who did not even know he had the disease.

– Three years ago, the young man was diagnosed with HIV while serving his sentence in prison. He was warned of criminal responsibility for knowingly infecting another person. However, he ignored these words. For example, in January 2019, he met and lived with a girl who had a young daughter through social networks. The following month, the Tyumen man killed a man, jealous of his roommate. The abuser was apprehended and the victim learned soon after that that he was ill. During the examination, a dangerous infection was also detected in her,” the Tyumen Region Prosecutor’s Office told the press service.

In May 2019, the court sentenced the young man to 8 years in prison for murder. He was finally sentenced to 8 years and 6 months in prison.


Тюменец, специально заразивший женщину ВИЧ, получил девять лет тюрьмы

До этого молодой человек, к тому же, совершил убийство
 

В Тюмени вынесен приговор по уголовному делу в отношении судимого 23-летнего местного жителя. Он признан виновным в заражение ВИЧ-инфекцией женщины, которая даже не подозревала о наличии у него этой болезни.

– У молодого человека три года назад во время отбывания наказания в колонии выявили ВИЧ. Его предупредили об уголовной ответственности за заведомое заражение другого лица. Однако он проигнорировал эти слова. Так, в январе 2019 года он через социальные сети познакомился с девушкой, у которой была малолетняя дочь, и стал с ней проживать. В следующем месяце тюменец убил мужчину, приревновав к сожительнице. Злоумышленник был задержан, а потерпевшая вскоре после этого узнала, что он болен. При обследовании опасная инфекция была выявлена и у нее, – рассказали в пресс-службе прокуратуры Тюменской области.

В мае 2019 года суд приговорил молодого человека за убийство к 8 годам заключения. Окончательно ему назначено 8 лет 6 месяцев лишения свободы.

[update]Belarus: 34-year-old woman sentenced to 10.5 years for alleged HIV transmission appeals court verdict

Белоруска получила за распространение ВИЧ 10,5 года
August 2, 2019

Source: media-polesye.by, August 2, 2019

Google translation, Scroll down for Russian article

Luninchanka convicted of spreading HIV appeals court verdict

The 34-year-old woman put 12 men at risk of HIV infection, three of which confirmed the presence of the virus.

Recall that the court of the Luninetsky district sentenced the accused to imprisonment for a term of 10 years and 6 months with serving a sentence in a penal colony.

As  previously reported by Media-Polesie, at the end of 2018, the Luninetsky district department of the Investigative Committee opened 3 criminal cases against 34-year-old Luninets according to Article 157 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus “Infection with human immunodeficiency virus”. Laboratory studies have confirmed the presence of human immunodeficiency virus in three men who are victims of these cases. Then the Luninetsky ROSK  opened  9 more criminal cases in nine episodes under part 1 of Article 157 of the UKRB “Knowingly putting another person at risk of HIV infection”. 12 criminal cases were combined into one proceeding.

As Anna Pener , senior assistant to the prosecutor of the Luninetsky district, told Media-Polesie , the sentence imposed by the court of the Luninetsky district, the accused appealed in connection with the opinion of her and the defenders of the excessive severity of the punishment.

Лунинчанка, осуждённая за распространение ВИЧ, обжаловала приговор суда

34-летняя женщина поставила в опасность заражения ВИЧ 12 мужчин, у троих из которых наличие вируса подтвердилось.

Напомним, суд Лунинецкого района назначил обвиняемой наказание в виде лишения свободы сроком на 10 лет 6 месяцев с отбыванием наказания в колонии общего режима.

Как сообщало ранее  Медиа-Полесье, в конце 2018 года Лунинецкий райотдел Следственного комитета возбудил в отношении 34-летней лунинчанки 3 уголовных дела по статье 157 УК РБ «Заражение вирусом иммунодефицита человека». Лабораторные исследования подтвердили у троих мужчин, которые проходят потерпевшими по этим делам, наличие вируса иммунодефицита человека. Затем Лунинецкий РОСК возбудил ещё 9 уголовных дел по девяти эпизодам по части 1 статьи 157 УКРБ «Заведомое поставление другого лица в опасность заражения ВИЧ». 12 уголовных дел были объединены в одно производство.

Как сообщила Медиа-Полесью старший помощник прокурора Лунинецкого района Анна Пенер, приговор, вынесенный судом Лунинецкого района, обвиняемая обжаловала в связи, по мнению её и защитников, чрезмерной строгостью наказания.


 

Source: http://www.aif.by, May 13, 2019

Belarusian received 10.5 years for the spread of HIV 

The verdict against a local resident accused of infecting partners with an immunodeficiency virus was announced by the court of the Luninets district.

A young villager learned about her illness in 2014. She was warned about the prohibitions related to the prevention of the spread of HIV infection and criminal liability for their violation, BelTA informs .

However, the woman did not refuse unprotected sex with men. She did not warn her partners about her diagnosis. 

At the end of 2018, a criminal case was opened against her. The victims numbered 13. In three of them, the diagnosis of “HIV” was confirmed. 

The court found the defendant guilty and sentenced her to 10 years and six months in prison with a sentence being served in a penal colony. 

Белоруска получила за распространение ВИЧ 10,5 года

Приговор в отношении местной жительницы, обвиняемой в заражении партнеров вирусом иммунодефицита, огласил суд Лунинецкого района.

О своей болезни молодая сельчанка узнала в 2014 году. Ее предупредили о запретах, связанных с профилактикой распространения ВИЧ-инфекции, и уголовной ответственности за их нарушение, сообщает БЕЛТА.

Однако женщина не отказалась от незащищенного секса с мужчинами. Партнеров о своем диагнозе она не предупреждала. 

В конце 2018 года в отношении нее возбудили уголовное дело. Потерпевшими по нему проходили 13 человек. У троих из них диагноз “ВИЧ” подтвердился. 

Суд признал фигурантку виновной и приговорил её к 10 годам и шести месяцам лишения свободы с отбыванием наказания в колонии общего режима. 


 

Luninchanku who spread HIV infection will be judged

The priestess of love put 13 people at risk of HIV infection, three of them confirmed the presence of the virus.

“The Prosecutor’s Office of the Luninets District has filed a criminal case against a 34-year-old Luninchanka, who is accused of committing crimes under Article 157, part 1 and 3, of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus, for consideration by the court,” Art. Assistant Prosecutor of the Luninets District, Anna Pener . – 12 criminal cases combined into one proceeding.

Knowing that she has HIV infection and being warned about responsibility, the loving Luninchanka entered into intimate relationships with men, not thinking about the consequences and danger of infecting other people.

As reported by Polesye Media, at the end of 2018, the Luninets District Department of the Investigative Committee opened three criminal cases against a 34-year-old Luninchanka under Article 157 of the Criminal Code of Belarus “Infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus”. Laboratory studies have confirmed the presence of human immunodeficiency virus in three men who are victims in these cases.

Then Luninets ROSK filed 9 more criminal cases in nine episodes under Part 1 of Article 157 of the UKRB, “Assuredly putting another person in danger of becoming infected with HIV”.

The victims in the case are men aged 30 to 55 years and older.

From December 29, 2018, the defendant is held in custody.


Лунинчанку, которая распространяла ВИЧ-инфекцию, будут судить

Жрица любви поставила в опасность заражения ВИЧ 13 человек, у троих из них наличие вируса подтвердилось.

– Прокуратура Лунинецкого района направила уголовное дело в отношении 34-летней лунинчанки, которая обвиняется в совершении преступлений, предусмотренных частями 1 и 3 статьи 157 УК РБ, для рассмотрения в суд, – прокомментировала Медиа-Полесью ст. помощник прокурора Лунинецкого района Анна Пенер. – 12 уголовных дел объединены в одно производство.

Заведомо зная, что у неё ВИЧ-инфекция и будучи предупреждённой об ответственности, любвеобильная лунинчанка вступала в интимные связи с мужчинами, не думая о последствиях и опасности заражения других людей.

Как сообщало Медиа-Полесье, в конце 2018 года Лунинецкий райотдел Следственного комитета возбудил в отношении 34-летней лунинчанки 3 уголовных дела по статье 157 УК РБ «Заражение вирусом иммунодефицита человека». Лабораторные исследования подтвердили у троих мужчин, которые проходят потерпевшими по этим делам, наличие вируса иммунодефицита человека.

Затем Лунинецкий РОСК возбудил ещё 9 уголовных дел по девяти эпизодам по части 1 статьи 157 УКРБ «Заведомое поставление другого лица в опасность заражения ВИЧ».

Потерпевшими по делу проходят мужчины в возрасте от 30 до 55-лет и старше.

С 29 декабря 2018 года обвиняемая содержится под стражей.

US: 32-year-old man arrested in Iowa for alleged HIV exposure

Dubuque man charged for not telling partner about his HIV status
July 31, 2019

Dubuque man charged for not telling partner about his HIV status

Source: kcrg.com, July 30, 2019

DUBUQUE, Iowa (KCRG) – Prosecutors in Dubuque are charging a man after he had a sexual relationship with a woman without telling her he was HIV positive.

Police arrested the man, 32, over the weekend for criminal transmission of an infectious disease to another person, according to court records.

The woman first reported this in May, saying she only found out his status after she went with him to a doctor’s visit. She claims he never told her himself and found out after a doctor asked him if he was still taking his medication.

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