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Gabon: Polygamist husband faces prosecution for potential HIV exposure

Gabon: Un polygame traîné en justice par sa première épouse pour tentative de contamination du VIH/SIDA
March 28, 2019

Source: Gabon Media Time, March 27, 2019 – Google translation, for article in French, please scroll down

Gabon: Polygamist sued by first wife for attempted HIV / AIDS transmission

A woman, married under a polygamous marriage contract, decided to take her husband to court. And for good reason, she suspects him of having been infected by his second wife who carries the HIV virus, and that her husband would then try to transmit it to her. Forbidden to leave the province, the husband will appear this Thursday, March 28, 2019 at the court of Oyem.

The affair is making headlines in the various areas of the provincial capital Woleu-Ntem, in view of its outlandish dimension. Indeed, a polygamous husband is accused by his first wife of wanting to transmit the disease he contracted with his new wife. Rejecting his wife’s allegations, the husband demanded hard evidence before making death threats against her. A situation that forced the family of the complainant to turn to the court of their locality to put an end to these reprehensible actions.

According to the account of the newspaper L’Union this Wednesday, March 27, 2019, the facts have taken place in Libreville where a woman learned of her husband’s wish to integrate a second woman into their union, which he was planning to do before retiring. Conscious that they were married under the regime of separation of property, option polygamy, the first wife did not oppose it. Only the new woman was the widow of an HIV-positive man and she herself was living with HIV. Thus informed, she reported it to her husband but the latter will judged her claims to be absurd.

That is when the death threats started and the man ordered his first wife to leave the marital home. Preparing to come down to Libreville to carry out his threats, the husband was arrested by the gendarmerie Akam Essatouk and presented to the prosecution.

After instruction, he was released on bail but prohibited from leaving the Woleu-Ntem pending his appearance in Court on Thursday, March 28. As for the second wife, she left the matrimonial home after the revelations had been brought before the courts.

Gabon: Un polygame traîné en justice par sa première épouse pour tentative de contamination du VIH/SIDA

Une femme mariée sous l’option polygamique a décidé de traduire son époux devant les tribunaux. Et pour cause, elle le soupçonne d’avoir été contaminé par sa seconde épouse qui serait porteuse du VIH/Sida et que ce dernier tenterait de le lui transmettre. Interdit de quitter la province, le mari comparaîtra ce jeudi 28 mars 2019 au tribunal d’Oyem.

L’affaire défraie la chronique dans les différentes artères de la capitale provinciale du Woleu-Ntem, au vue de son aspect rocambolesque. En effet, un mari polygame est accusé par sa première épouse de vouloir lui transmettre la maladie contractée avec sa nouvelle femme. Récusant les allégations de sa femme, le mari a exigé des preuves tangibles avant de proférer des menaces de mort sur sa conjointe. Une situation qui aurait contraint la famille de la plaignante a se tourner vers le tribunal de leur localité pour mettre un terme à ces agissements répréhensibles.

Selon le récit du quotidien L’Union de ce mercredi 27 mars 2019 les faits se seraient déroulés à Libreville où une femme a appris que son époux ambitionne d’intégrer une seconde femme à leur union. Chose qu’il fera avant d’aller à la retraite. Consciente qu’ils sont mariés sous le régime de la séparation des biens, option polygamie, la première épouse ne s’y opposera pas. Seulement, la nouvelle femme serait la veuve d’un séropositif et elle-même serait porteuse du virus. Informée, la rendra compte à son époux mais ce dernier jugera absurde les prétentions de cette dernière.

C’est alors que débutent les menaces de mort du bigame qui a ordonné à sa première épouse de quitter le domicile conjugal. Préparant une descente à Libreville pour mettre à exécution ses menaces, le mari sera interpellé par la gendarmerie d’Akam Essatouk puis présenté devant le parquet. Après instruction, il sera mis en liberté provisoire mais interdit de quitter le Woleu-Ntem en attendant de comparaître ce jeudi 28 mars. Quant à la seconde épouse, elle aurait quitté le foyer conjugal après que les révélations eurent été portées devant les tribunaux.

 

US: Woman charged in Florida for allegedly not disclosing her status to her partner

Port St. Lucie woman charged with not telling partner she was infected with HIV
March 28, 2019

Source: TC Palm, March 27, 2019

PORT ST. LUCIE — A Port St. Lucie woman was arrested March 20 and charged with four counts of having sex without telling her partner she was infected with HIV, records showed.

X, 49, was released from the St. Lucie County Jail after she posted $20,000 in bond, records showed.

X became friends with a woman through an online chat service in 2018, according to Port St. Lucie police. When the relationship turned sexual, Perez denied having any illnesses, the affidavit said.  

US: Closing session of CDC’s national HIV Prevention conference highlights stigma and HIV-specific criminalisation laws as barriers to improving outcomes in prevention and care

HIV Stigma in Focus at Closing Session of CDC’s National HIV Prevention Conference
March 27, 2019

HIV Stigma in Focus at Closing Session of CDC’s National HIV Prevention Conference

HIV-related stigma and its impact on HIV-related health disparities were the topic of the final plenary session at CDC’s National HIV Prevention Conference. The March 21 session examined social and cultural factors that have contributed to stigma as well as efforts to combat the effects of HIV-related stigma on specific populations. Moderator Johanne Morne, director of the New York State Department of Health AIDS Institute, reminded the conference participants that stigma is an historic and continuing theme that must be addressed to improve outcomes along both the HIV prevention and care continuums.

HIV Stigma and What Can Be Done to Combat It

Greg Millett, vice president and director of public policy at amfAR, delivered the keynote address, “Progress: Same or Different? HIV Stigma at 37.” He noted that while many of the most extreme forms of stigma from the early days of the HIV epidemic have dissipated over time, inaccurate beliefs about the HIV risk of casual social contact persist.

Such stigmatizing beliefs are supported by societal factors such as HIV criminalization laws, Mr. Millett said. He pointed to the fact that 29 states still have HIV-specific criminalization laws on the books and while over 800 people have been prosecuted using these laws, none of the prosecutions were for any actual HIV transmission. He highlighted a CDC assessment that found that HIV criminalization laws have no detectable HIV prevention effect given there was no association with HIV diagnosis rates or AIDS diagnoses in states with such laws.

Further, he observed that not only are people with or at risk for HIV too often stigmatized, but the effective tools to prevent HIV such as PrEP are also stigmatized. A recent study found that individuals who experienced a high degree of stigma around their choice to use PrEP were 50% less likely to be on PrEP at their next clinical visit. Additionally, he pointed to syringe services programs (SSPs) that are known to reduce the risk of HIV transmission among people who inject drugs. Yet, stigma related to both HIV and people who use drugs limits public support for SSPs, limiting their expansion in many communities that could benefit from them, he said.

One factor that may enable this enduring stigma, Mr. Millett posited, is Americans’ lack of personal knowledge of people living with HIV. A Kaiser Family Foundation study found that only 45% of Americans say they know someone with HIV. To counter that, he encouraged more people living with HIV to be open about their status since that would contribute to stigma reduction. He also applauded creative efforts from the HIV community to combat stigma. These included public announcements by people living with HIV of their status on social media, anti-stigma campaigns, and even a series of social media videos about living with HIV.

Combatting HIV-related Stigma and Improving Outcomes for Specific Populations

A series of presentations followed, each discussing unique approaches to combating HIV stigma and offering recommendations on how to help reduce it to improve HIV prevention and care outcomes.

  • Daniel Driffin, co-founder of THRIVE SS, discussed building innovative, community-driven solutions to address HIV disparities among African American men living with HIV. Originally founded as a support group in Atlanta, the program has grown to an online platform that engages and offers support to more than 3,500 people across the southeast United States. Among THRIVE SS’s innovations are programs to re-engage and retain men in HIV care, a mental health group, and a photo campaign. Mr. Driffin shared results of a 2018 program participant survey that revealed that 92% of the men surveyed self-reported being virally suppressed. “Black men living with HIV are achieving viral suppression,” Mr. Driffin declared. “I challenge you to no longer say these men are ‘hard to reach.’” His advice for others seeking similar outcomes included: using the lived experiences of people living with HIV to inform HIV care and prevention, re-imagining everything, and supporting community-created approaches.
  • Omar Martinez, assistant professor at Temple University’s School of Social Work, examined HIV-related stigma among sexual and gender minority Latinx individuals. He observed that members of this community often experience stigma related to many aspects of their lives including culture, language, and immigration status, all of which impact their HIV risk. Dr. Martinez profiled several programs that have demonstrated success, including a number that engage non-traditional partners or that address legal and other needs. He advised stakeholders to focus on affirming models of care; to examine immigration status as a social determinant of health; and to continue to invest in the development and replication of “locally-grown” HIV prevention, treatment, and anti-stigma interventions that have proven effective.
  • Gail Wyatt, PhD, professor and director of the UCLA Sexual Health Program, discussed HIV stigma and disparities among African American women, reminding the audience of the importance of the inclusion of women’s perspectives in HIV prevention, care and treatment, and research. She discussed the impact of trauma on women’s health-seeking behaviors and treatment retention. She emphasized that an effective HIV response requires attention to holistic health, including mental health, to improve outcomes for women living with HIV. She also argued that some health care providers need to be re-educated about African American women given that many have biases about Black women that may hinder their delivery of effective health care services.
  • Cecilia Chung, co-director of programs and policy at the Transgender Law Center, shared her personal story as an Asian transgender woman living with HIV and discussed the power of personal storytelling to change hearts. She remarked, “Storytelling can help us get past differences, stigmas, and biases, and humanize individuals.” Being able to confidently tell one’s story affects the listener and also empowers the storyteller as they move forward on their path as a person living with HIV.

Dr. Eugene McCray, Director of CDC’s Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, closed the session, thanking the participants from across the nation and the more than 500 of them who had shared results of their work with others in sessions, poster presentations, and exhibits during the conference. He noted that CDC was pleased to have been able to share more details of the Ending the HIV Epidemic Plan through several plenary session addresses and in a community engagement session. Implementing that Plan, he observed, will require ongoing dialogue and collaboration. With the powerful tools now available, the insights that data offer, leadership from all sectors, and community-driven and -developed plans, Dr. McCray indicated that he was confident that the nation could achieve the goal of reducing new HIV infections by 90% in ten years.

To view all or part of this plenary session, view CDC’s National Prevention Information Network video of Wednesday’s plenary session on their Facebook page .

US: Man charged with felonious assault in Ohio for alleged HIV non-disclosure

Justice Insider: Man accused of failing to disclose HIV diagnosis to ex–girlfriend
March 27, 2019

Source: Colombus Dispatch, March 26, 2019

An East Side man has been charged with felonious assault after being accused of failing to disclose to a former partner that he had been diagnosed with HIV.

CX, 32, had been in a relationship with the woman between August 2015 and July 2017. Court records allege that X had been diagnosed before beginning their relationship.

According to the records, the woman saw prescription medications at X’s home and, through research, learned they are used primarily to treat HIV.

On the date the woman ended the relationship, she told police she had confronted X, who confirmed that he was being treated for HIV and was a carrier of the virus.

Records obtained by police from the Ohio Board of Health confirmed the diagnosis.

Failing to disclose an HIV diagnosis prior to engaging in sexual conduct is a second-degree felony.

 

Kenya: Woman living with HIV arrested for breastfeeding baby in her care

HIV+ maid arrested for breastfeeding employer’s baby
March 27, 2019

Source: The Star, Published March 25 

HIV+ maid arrested for breastfeeding employer’s baby

• The prosecution sought 10 days to conduct a medical examination on the suspect and the baby.

• The investigating officer told the court the suspect was employed by the mother of the victim to take care of her baby as she had travelled for work.

A house help suspected of breastfeeding her employer’s 11-month infant in South B while knowing she is sick has been detained for five days pending investigations.

The middle-aged woman was allegedly caught on CCTV breastfeeding the baby yet she is living with HIV.

The prosecution sought 10 days to conduct a medical examination on the suspect and the baby.

“I need more time to take the suspect to the hospital and ascertain her condition and also the baby. The CCTV footage needs to be taken to DCI headquarters for further scrutiny,” the court was told.

The police also need to record witness statements as the suspect was arrested on Saturday.

The investigating officer told the court the suspect was employed by the mother of the victim to take care of her baby as she had travelled for work.

The house had CCTV cameras which the employer had connected to her phone. 

She said while at her place of work, she checked her phone to see how the suspect was doing with the baby. She was shocked to see the suspect breastfeeding her baby.

The employer stopped work and rushed back home. When asked, the suspect could not explain.

In court, the suspect defended herself saying that while taking care of the infant, she was aware of the cameras in the house.

She complained that the food rations at the police station were not good for her condition and her health is deteriorating.

“I request the court to release me on a cash bail because I have to go for the drugs tomorrow at the hospital,” she added.

Chief magistrate Heston Nyaga, however, remanded the woman at Industrial Area police station and ordered that she be taken for medical examination and escorted to her health facility for drugs.

The magistrate also directed that the suspect be given good nutrition because of her health condition.

She was remanded until April 1.

 

US: 28-year-old man facing criminal charges in Arkansas for alleged HIV exposure

Police: Man allegedly exposed others to HIV
March 26, 2019

Source: The Saline Courier, March 25, 2019

Police: Man allegedly exposed others to HIV

By: Sarah Perry

A Benton man is facing criminal charges after he had sexual intercourse with two people and allegedly did not inform his partners that he was HIV positive. 

X, 28, of Benton, is facing two Class A felony charges of exposing another person to human immunodeficiency virus.

Benton detectives began investigating the case after one of the victims brought X to the Benton Police Department. 

The victim was crying and visibly upset, the detective noted in the report. 

The victim told police that after taking part in unprotected sex, X disclosed that he has HIV. The victim reportedly asked More if he was “clean.”

“(The victim) made it clear to X (he or she) was talking about sexually transmitted diseases,” according to the Benton Police Department report. 

Later, X reportedly told the victim he was positive for HIV through Facebook.

While at Saline Memorial Hospital, the victim “had been tested for exposure to HIV with a positive result for exposure,” according to the police report. 

The victim called HIV “a death sentence,” telling police medication for the disease costs $4,000 and was not covered by health insurance.

The victim also reported that “X has been giving other people his used syringes and telling them they were new and unused,” Benton detectives noted in the police report.  

Another victim told police he or she had oral sex with X, but he never disclosed that he was HIV positive, according to the police report.

More “openly admitted” to police that he had HIV, telling detectives he was diagnosed in 2012. 

X, who is deaf, told police he used American Sign Language to tell one victim he had been diagnosed with HIV and he thought the victim understood. 

“He nodded his head like he knew about it,” X told police. 

X also told detectives he told the other victim online about the diagnosis. 

X also denied sharing needles with other individuals. 

After being arrested, X was later released from the Saline County Detention Center.

[Update]Russia: Irkutsk regional court upholds sentence of man convicted of alleged “wilful HIV transmission”

Областной суд оставил в силе приговор по делу об умышленном заражении ВИЧ
March 26, 2019

Source: IRK.ru, March 26, 2019

Google translation, for article in Russian please scroll down.

Regional Court upheld the verdict in the case of intentional HIV infection

On March 26, the Irkutsk Regional Court upheld the sentence of a man convicted of intentional HIV infection, the press service of the Irkutsk Regional AIDS Center reported. The judge rejected the petition Irkutsk.

On October 24, the Oktyabrsky District Court found a resident of Irkutsk guilty of intentionally acquiring HIV. The man was sentenced to 2.5 years in a settlement colony. The prosecutor asked for him 3 years in prison.

In February 2016, a man infected with HIV entered into a relationship with an Irkutsk woman, without informing her of the disease and without using any means of protection. As a result, the girl was infected and went to the police. Details about this story IRK.ru told in the article “I live with HIV. First story: the struggle for justice . On the court session after the completion of the trial, read the article “Trust the guy. A girl in court proves the intentional infection of HIV . 

Областной суд оставил в силе приговор по делу об умышленном заражении ВИЧ

26 марта Иркутский областной суд оставил в силе приговор мужчине, осужденному за умышленное заражение ВИЧ, сообщает пресс-служба Иркутского областного Центра СПИД. Судья отклонил ходатайство иркутянина.

24 октября Октябрьский районный суд признал жителя Иркутска виновным в умышленном заражении ВИЧ. Мужчину приговорили к 2,5 годам колонии-поселения. Прокурор просил для него 3 года лишения свободы.

В феврале 2016 года мужчина, зараженный ВИЧ, вступил в отношения с иркутянкой, не сообщив ей о заболевании и не используя при этом средства защиты. В результате девушка была заражена и обратилась в полицию. Подробно об этой истории IRK.ru рассказывал в статье «Я живу с ВИЧ. История первая: борьба за справедливость». О заседании суда после завершения судебного следствия читайте материал «Доверилась парню. Девушка в суде доказывает умышленное заражение ВИЧ».


December 27, 2018

In Irkutsk, a court overturned a sentence to a criminal who deliberately infected his girlfriend with HIV (Google translation, for article in Russian please scroll below). 

Today, the court of the Irkutsk region overturned the sentence of the Irkutsk city court, who deliberately infected his girlfriend with HIV. 

The victim’s lawyer Svyatoslav Khromenkov informed the reporter of SibReal about this.

In Irkutsk, today, December 26, a meeting of the appeal court was held in the Irkutsk Region Court on the suit of the defendant. In late October, the city court found him guilty of deliberate HIV infection and sentenced him to 2.5 years in a penal colony. At today’s meeting, the judge overturned this decision, drawing attention to a violation in the work of the investigators. “The criminal case was at some point terminated by the investigator, then this decision to terminate the criminal case was canceled – but it turned out that it was not authorized ” Khromenkov explained to the editorial board of SibReal. – Yes, this is a formality however, it must be eliminated, all court sessions should be resubmitted. This will not affect the conviction of the offender – on the contrary, we will use the opportunity and demand tougher punishment. Such is the practice of the European court and our civil lawyers D prophylaxis of HIV infection, at the March meeting of the UN, they expressed a similar position – in their opinion, people deliberately infecting with such a serious disease should be judged by Article 111 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation – for causing grievous bodily harm. There the term will be up to 8 years. And our society also speaks out for a more severe punishment for such criminals. 2.5 years in the colony of the settlement is, of course, too soft a punishment – after all, the girl’s health has been seriously harmed. ”

The human rights activist, on behalf of the victim, intends to file an application for the recovery of non-pecuniary damage to investigators who have made a mistake. “It turns out that this is already the second significant violation in the case on their part. We first discovered the second – the judge. It seems to me that this clearly indicates how poorly the investigation was conducted,” Khromenkov said.

The injured Irkutsyanka woman and her lawyer managed to reach a criminal case only a few months after the submission of the first application to the law enforcement agencies. At the same time, the girl had to look for some evidence on her own: for example, to prove close acquaintance and serious relationship with the accused, she restored on her phone joint photos that the man had previously deleted.

The accused changed his testimony twice: first he stated that he was not familiar with the victim, then he did not come into the vicinity with her. According to the lawyer, such cases are difficult due to difficulties in collecting evidence. However, in this case, the doctors conducted a rare genetic analysis of sequencing and 99.5% confirmed that the defendant had infected the victim. “Another medical study confirmed that the depth of the infection period in the victim coincides with the time when she lived with the defendant,” Khromenkov told SibReal.

In March, the Oktyabrsky District Court returned the case on the intentional contamination of Irkutsk women for further investigation because the investigator incorrectly numbered the pages of the indictment and did not sign the document.

Source: https://www.sibreal.org

В Иркутске суд отменил приговор преступнику, умышленно заразившему ВИЧ-инфекцией свою девушку

Сегодня суд Иркутской области отменил приговор городского суда иркутянину, умышленно заразившему ВИЧ-инфекцией свою девушку. Об этом корреспонденту “Сибирь.Реалий” сообщил юрист пострадавшей Святослав Хроменков.

В Иркутске сегодня, 26 декабря, состоялось заседание апелляционной инстанции в суде Иркутской области по иску подсудимого. В конце октября городской суд признал его виновным в умышленном заражении ВИЧ-инфекцией и назначил 2,5 года колонии-поселения. На сегодняшнем заседании судья отменила это решение, обратив внимание на нарушение в работе следователей. “Уголовное дело в какой-то момент было прекращено дознавателем, потом это постановление о прекращении уголовного дела было отменено – но отменило его, как оказалось, не уполномоченное на это лицо, – объяснил редакции “Сибирь.Реалий” Хроменков. – Да, это формальность, однако ее надо устранить, заново провести все судебные заседания. На признании преступника виновным это никак не скажется – напротив, мы воспользуемся случаем и потребуем более жесткого наказания. Такова и практика европейского суда, и наши гражданские юристы, работающие в сфере профилактики заражения ВИЧ-инфекцией, на мартовском заседании ООН высказали аналогичную позицию – по их мнению, людей, умышленно заражающих таким тяжелым заболеванием, надо судить по 111-й статье УК РФ – за причинение тяжкого вреда здоровью. Там срок будет уже до 8 лет. И общество наше тоже высказывается за более строгое наказание для таких преступников. 2,5 года в колонии поселения – это, безусловно, слишком мягкое наказание – ведь здоровью девушки был причинен тяжкий вред”.
 

Правозащитник от имени пострадавшей намерен подать заявление о взыскании морального вреда на следователей, допустивших ошибку. “Получается, это уже второе существенное нарушение в деле с их стороны. Первое обнаружили мы, второе – судья. Мне кажется, это уже достаточно ясно говорит о том, насколько некачественно велось следствие”, – сообщил Хроменков.

Добиться возбуждения уголовного дела пострадавшей иркутянке и ее адвокату удалось только спустя несколько месяцев после подачи первого заявления в правоохранительные органы. При этом некоторые улики девушке пришлось искать самостоятельно: к примеру, для доказательства близкого знакомства и серьезных отношений с обвиняемым она восстановила на своем телефоне совместные фотографии, которые ранее мужчина удалил.

Обвиняемый дважды менял показания: сначала заявил, что не знаком с потерпевшей, потом – что не вступал с ней в близость. По словам юриста, подобные дела сложны из-за трудностей со сбором доказательной базы. Однако в этом случае медики провели редкий генетический анализ секвенирования и на 99,5% подтвердили, что подсудимый заразил потерпевшую. “Другое медицинское исследование подтвердило, что глубина срока заражения у пострадавшей совпадает с тем временем, когда она жила с подсудимым”, – сообщил корреспонденту “Сибирь.Реалий” Хроменков.

В марте суд Октябрьского района возвращал дело об умышленном заражении иркутянки на доследование из-за того, что дознаватель неверно пронумеровал страницы обвинительного заключения и не подписал документ.


October 25, 2018

Guilty of HIV transmission: a resident of Irkutsk was given almost three years in a penal colony (Google translation, for article in Russian please scroll below). 

Today was the final court hearing

Today, October 24, a resident of Irkutsk was sentenced. The man entered into a sexual relationship with his beloved, without warning her that he was infected with HIV . The offender was sentenced to 2 years and 6 months in a colony – settlement.

“Komsomolskaya Pravda” actively covered this story

Background: 35-year-old Ella Mironova (name and surname changed) met a beautiful man in 2016 and passionately fell in love with him. The young people git together. A month later, the girl suddenly fell ill with fever, malaise. She was taken to the infectious diseases hospital. Doctors said it was not the flu, but meningitis and the human immunodeficiency virus. Ella was in shock, because a year before that she had undergone a full examination, and nothing like this had been identified. Then she realized that she been “rewarded” by her beloved with the illness. After making inquiries. It turned out that the man had been registered with the AIDS Center since 1999. The girl tried to contact him, but he denied it. There was no way out, so she decided to go to court.

Lawyers called this case a precedent , and not only in Irkutsk, but throughout Russia . But Ella was lucky, the doctors and experts who worked in this case are 99.5% sure that it was this man who infected Ella.

Sentencing was postponed more than once, but today the offender heard his sentence. It should be noted that it was this Irkutsk woman who for the first time in Russia brought the case of HIV infection to court.

Published in News24 on October 25, 2018

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Виновен в заражении ВИЧ: жителю Иркутска дали почти три года колонии-поселения

Сегодня состоялось финальное заседание суда

Сегодня, 24 октября вынесли приговор жителю Иркутска. Мужчина вступил в половую связь с возлюбленной, не предупредив, что заражен ВИЧ – инфекцией. Преступника приговорили к 2 годам и 6 месяцам пребывания в колонии – поселения.

«Комсомолка» активно освещала эту историю.

Напомним, 35-летняя Элла Миронова (имя и фамилия изменены) еще в 2016 году познакомилась с красивым мужчиной и страстно влюбилась в него. Молодые люди съехались. Через месяц девушка внезапно заболела: высокая температура, недомогания. Ее привезли в инфекционную больницу. Врачи сказали, что это не грипп , а менингит и вирус иммунодефицита человека. Элла была в шоке, ведь за год до этого проходила полное обследование, и ничего подобного выявлено не было. Тут она и поняла, что «наградил» ее болезнью возлюбленный. Пришлось навести справки. Оказалось, что мужчина состоит на учете в СПИД-центре аж с 1999 года. Девушка попыталась связаться с ним, но он как в воду канул. Выхода не было, решила обратиться в суд.

Юристы назвали это дело прецедентом, причем не только в Иркутске, а по всей России. Но Элле повезло, медики и эксперты, которые работали по данному делу, на 99,5 % уверены, что именно этот мужчина и заразил Эллу.

Вынесение приговора откладывалось не единожды, но сегодня преступник услышал свой срок. Отметим, что именно эта иркутянка впервые в Росии довела дело о заражении ВИЧ до суда.


September 25, 2018

Judicial investigation in Irkutsk on a case of willful HIV infection (google translation, for original article in Russian, please scroll down).

The Oktyabrsky District Court of Irkutsk completed its investigation into a case of deliberate transmission of HIV to a girl. The materials of the criminal case have been investigated, the witnesses have been questioned.

At a meeting on September 25, they announced the protocol of confrontation held in October 2016. This was petitioned by the defender of the plaintiff in connection with the contradictions in the defendant’s testimonies. At the request of the lawyer, letters of appreciation and other documents characterizing the identity of the plaintiff were attached to the case.

The prosecutor asked clarifying questions to both sides. They differed in their testimony around the site on which they met and for what purpose. The accused completely does not admit guilt and denies that he had sex with a girl. The criminal case was initiated in accordance with part 2 of Article 122 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation “Infection with HIV”. A man faces up to 5 years imprisonment.

On the eve of this case, the public prosecutor was replaced. In the next meeting will be the debate of the parties. The meeting was scheduled for September 27, but the state prosecutor asked more time to get acquainted with the case materials and prepare for the debate. The trial is scheduled for October 2.

Published in IRK.ru on September 25, 2018

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В Иркутске завершено судебное следствие по делу об умышленном заражении ВИЧ-инфекцией

Октябрьский районный суд Иркутска завершил судебное следствие по делу об умышленном заражении девушки ВИЧ-инфекцией. Материалы уголовного дела исследованы, свидетели допрошены.

На заседании 25 сентября огласили протокол очной ставки, проведенной в октябре 2016 года. Об этом ходатайствовал защитник истицы в связи с возникшими противоречиями в показаниях ответчика. По просьбе адвоката к делу были приобщены благодарственные письма и другие документы, характеризующие личность истицы.

Гособвинитель задавала уточняющие вопросы обеим сторонам. Они разошлись в показаниях о том, на каком сайте познакомились и с какой целью. Обвиняемый полностью не признает вину и отрицает, что у него был секс с девушкой. Уголовное дело возбуждено по части 2 статьи 122 УК РФ «Заражение ВИЧ-инфекцией». Мужчине грозит лишение свободы до 5 лет.

Накануне по данному делу заменили государственного обвинителя. В следующем заседании пройдут прения сторон. Заседание было запланировано на 27 сентября, но гособвинитель попросила больше времени, чтобы ознакомиться с материалами дела и подготовиться к прениям. Судебное назначено на 2 октября.

 

[update]US: Bill aiming to modernise HIV legislation in Florida clears its second hurdle

HIV Modernization Bill Continues to Make Progress in Florida House
March 25, 2019

Source: South Florida Gay News, Published on March 25, 2019

HIV Modernization Bill Continues to Make Progress in Florida House 

An HIV modernization bill, the  (HB 79), cleared its second hurdle this week passing the Florida House’s Appropriations Committee overwhelmingly 26-3. 

This is the second committee to give the bill a favorable recommendation. It recently passed the House’s Criminal Justice Subcommittee, 10-3.  

We’re really excited by the bipartisan momentum that we’ve seen for this HIV modernization legislation,” said Jon Harris Maurer, Equality Florida’s Public Policy Director. “This is long overdue and it’s exciting to see this being addressed as a criminal justice reform issue and a public health issue.” 

Michael Rajner, an HIV rights activist, attributes the newfound support to advocates, stakeholders and people living with HIV meeting with lawmakers to tell their stories.

Rajner said he’s been working toward a bill like this for at least 8 years. 

This is the third year this bill has been introduced and there’s been a surge in support. This is also the furthest an HIV modernization has gotten in the Florida Legislature. 

“Regardless of which side of the aisle you sit on people want better public safety and better health outcomes and that’s what this bill does,” said Justin Klecha, Deputy Director of SAVE and a member of the Florida HIV Justice Coalition. “This is a fantastic bill that takes a huge step forward reducing stigma around HIV.”

Klecha said most of the opposition comes from a lack of knowledge. 

“Legislators don’t know the current science around HIV, or how far we’ve come with the treatments,” Klecha said. 

HB 79 must now pass through the Judiciary Committee. While in the Senate, Jason Pizzo (D – Miami), has filed similar legislation (SB 846), but no hearings have been scheduled as of yet.  

“This is the first year the legislature is actually taking any actions and votes. We have a tremendous bill sponsor this year, Nick Duran out of Miami, who is incredibly passionate about this,” Rajner said. “We also owe a great deal of thanks to Dr. Hansel Tookes and the medical students at the University of Miami who have been doing a tremendous job of advocating for needle syringe exchange programs statewide and in that process have been educating legislators on HIV.”

The current law does not take into account whether a person actually transmitted HIV. Nor does it matter if a condom was used, or if the person with HIV is on treatment and undetectable. 

This new bill would revise the existing law such as defining “Substantial risk of transmission” as “a reasonable probability of disease transmission as proven by competent medical or epidemiological evidence.” The bill would also update outdated language such as changing “sexual intercourse” to “sexual conduct.” 

“I think the most profound change is that there would have to be actual intent and transmission of HIV to another individual during sex,” Rajner said.  

Other changes include allowing a person who has HIV to donate blood, plasma, organs, skin, or other human tissue as long as a medical professional deems it appropriate. Currently, there are no exceptions so if someone did make such a donation they would be committing a third-degree felony. HB 79 would downgrade the penalty to a first-degree misdemeanor. 

“This bill would help modernize Florida’s HIV laws that were written in the mid-80s at the height of the HIV epidemic and haven’t been updated to align with current science on treatment and prevention for HIV,” Maurer said. “I think most strikingly is that the law currently doesn’t account for whether in fact there is any transmission of HIV. So under the current law, a person could be incarcerated for up to 30 years with a third-degree felony, even though there is no transmission of HIV, and scientifically there is no risk of transmission.”


 

Source: South Florida Gay News, published on March 7, 2019

HIV Modernization Bill Moves Forward In Florida House

An HIV modernization bill, the HIV Prevention Justice Act (HB 79), cleared its first hurdle passing 10-3 in the Florida House’s Criminal Justice Subcommittee.  

“We’re really excited by the bipartisan momentum that we’ve seen for this HIV modernization legislation,” said Jon Harris Maurer, Equality Florida’s Public Policy Director. “This is long overdue and it’s exciting to see this being addressed as a criminal justice reform issue and a public health issue.” 

Five Republicans and five Democrats voted for the bill.

The current law does not take into account whether a person actually transmitted HIV. Nor does it matter if a condom was used, or if the person with HIV is on treatment and undetectable. 

This new bill would revise the existing law such as defining “Substantial risk of transmission” as “a reasonable probability of disease transmission as proven by competent medical or epidemiological evidence.” The bill would also update outdated language such as changing “sexual intercourse” to “sexual conduct.”   

Other changes include allowing a person who has HIV to donate blood, plasma, organs, skin, or other human tissue as long as a medical professional deems it appropriate. Currently, there are no exceptions so if someone did make such a donation they would be committing a third-degree felony. HB 79 would downgrade the penalty to a first-degree misdemeanor. 

“This bill would help modernize Florida’s HIV laws that were written in the mid-80s at the height of the HIV epidemic and haven’t been updated to align with current science on treatment and prevention for HIV,” Maurer said. “I think most strikingly is that the law currently doesn’t account for whether in fact there is any transmission of HIV. So under the current law, a person could be incarcerated for up to 30 years with a third-degree felony, even though there is no transmission of HIV, and scientifically there is no risk of transmission.”

The bill must also pass through the Appropriations Committee and Judiciary Committee. 

Senator Jason Pizzo (D – Miami) has filed similar legislation (SB 846) in the Florida Senate. 

 


 

Nicholas Duran bill aims to modernize HIV law

Equality Florida applauds legislation catching law up to modern science.

Count it a leftover of the AIDS scare in the 1980s: Florida law treats those who knowingly transmit HIV different than any other sexually transmitted disease.

But a bill advancing through the Florida House could de-stigmatize HIV without decriminalizing irresponsible transmission entirely.

“There’s a longstanding stigma with respect to this based on a years-ago understanding as opposed to current health and medical science on the disease,” state Rep. Nicholas Duran said.

He credits it to law written in a time when people worried spitting or sharing a toilet seat with an HIV-positive individual.

This year, the Miami Democrat filed the HIV Prevention Justice Act (HB 79) in hopes of reforming the law. The bill already has favorably passed through the House Criminal Justice Subcommittee

If it becomes law, the legislation will reclassify a failure to notify a sexual partner of HIV-positive status as a misdemeanor, instead of a felony.

“This legislation will save lives and take care of the whole community,” said Alejandro Acosta, coordinator for Equality Florida’s HIV Advocacy Project. “It will help decrease HIV stigma, encourage people to get tested, and get into treatment.”

Acosta, who is HIV-positive, said Florida “has a responsibility to match our law with current science.”

That means acknowledging HIV, far from the death sentence it was in the 1980s, can be treated as a chronic condition more on par with asthma or diabetes.

While there are 115,000 people living with HIV in Florida, there were less than 900 deaths from HIV-related causes in the state in 2016. 

But the spread of the virus remains a concern, particularly in Florida. The state saw 4,957 documented new transmissions in 2016, according to Equality Florida.

But the impact of the disease remains demographically uneven. Only 22 percent of new transmissions in Florida were for women. Meanwhile, 42 percent were for black individuals and 32 percent were Latino.

And date from the Centers for Disease Control shows the condition still impacts the LGBTQ more than the public as a whole. Gay and bisexual men make up 55 percent of Americans living with HIV.

At current rates, a quarter of all gay and bisexual Latino men will get HIV at some point in their life. Half of gay and bisexual black men will contract the virus.

All this may indicate an importance in being open with sexual partners about having the virus, and Duran doesn’t want failure to disclose information completely decriminalized.

But the severe legal consequence for failing to share information has led to a high number of individuals refusing to get tested for HIV. CDC data suggests 20,000 Floridians have contracted HIV but remain unaware of their status.

In an interview with HIV Plus Magazine in 2017, Acosta declined to say how long he’d had HIV, noting the current laws in Florida open individuals up to legal risk for years.

HIV-positive people can face up to 30 years in prison for failure to disclose their status with a consensual partner, and that risk comes whether the virus gets transmitted or not.

Further, current medical treatments can make HIV medically undetectable, and in turn can make the virus virtually non-transmittable.

It raises the question what obligation should exist for an individual employment safe sex practices has to a partner when there’s virtually no risk of catching HIV from an encounter.

Duran’s bill also addresses some specific issues, like acknowledging the low risk of ever transmitting HIV through oral sex.

States like California have already reduced the penalties for HIV-positive individuals withholding their status.

Efforts to change the law failed in Florida in the past. But Duran hopes a conversation based on current science can catch the law up with modern knowledge.

He notes Hepatitis C poses a greater risk and threat to public health today than HIV. Treating HIV patients as criminals at this point does more harm than good.

“We are going to create smart policy with HIV and STDs,” he said.

Published in FLAPOL on Feb 25, 2019

Zimbabwe: Government plans to repeal overly broad, vague HIV-specific criminal law

Government Repeals Law On Intentional Transmission Of HIV
March 21, 2019

Sources: New Zimbabwe and ZimEye – Published on March 20, 2019

 

Ziyambi: Government to decriminalise wilful transmission of HIV (New Zimbabwe)

JUSTICE Minister Ziyambi Ziyambi has revealed plans by government to repeal clauses in the Sexual Offences Act which criminalise the deliberate transmitting of HIV by positive sexual partners.

Addressing backbenchers during parliament’s question and answer session on Wednesday, Minister Ziyambi said the law has not served its intended purpose of reducing the spread of the virus.

“…Indeed when the legislation came into effect, the thinking there was that, we need to control the spread of HIV by criminalising those who transmit it to partners willingly.

“But global thinking is that the law stigmatises people living with HIV and AIDS. Studies have shown that it does not produce the intended results that it is intended to achieve and so what the ministry is going to do is repeal that section of the law,” said Ziyambi.

The Minister was responding to a direct question by Zengeza West MP Job Sikhala who had asked what government was doing in terms of decriminalising the deliberate spread of HIV by sexual partners.

The MDC legislator had also asked if the government was willing to reverse the law arguing it stigmatises people living with HIV and AIDS.

Minister Ziyambi said the envisaged changes could come through the Marriage Bill Act.

“We are looking at perhaps introducing that amendment through the Marriage Bill Act that is due to come,” he said.

Zimbabwe in 2001 introduced the Sexual Offences Act which came with criminalisation on deliberate transmission of HIV either through rape cases or by those who do not inform their sexual partners about their HIV positive status in cases of unprotected sex.

Government Repeals Law On Intentional Transmission Of HIV (Zim Eye)

The Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs Ziyambi Ziyambi has revealed that Government is working on repealing the willful HIV transmission law.

Section 79 (1) of the Criminal Codification and Reform Act on deliberate transmission of HIV reads: “Any person who knowingly that he or she is infected with HIV, or realising that there is a real risk or possibility that he or she is infected with HIV, intentionally does anything or permits the doing of anything which he or she realises involves a real risk or possibility of infecting another person with HIV, shall be guilty of deliberate transmission of HIV, whether or not he or she is married to that other person and shall be liable to imprisonment for a period not exceeding twenty years.

“It shall be a defence to a charge under subsection (1) for the accused to prove that the other person concerned knew that the accused was infected with HIV and consented to the act in question, appreciating the nature of HIV and the possibility of becoming infected with it.”

Ziyambi, during a Question and Answer session in Parliament today, said the law will be repealed.

Calls for the law to be repealed have been made since about 3 years ago. In 2016, Elizabeth Tailor Human Rights Award winner and HIV activist, Ms Martha Tholanah said this law must be scrapped because it stigmatised and discriminated against people living with HIV.

Ms Tholanah, who has been living with HIV for the past 17 years, said criminalisation of wilful HIV transmission was done a long time ago on the advent of the disease, when no one wanted to be associated with it.

She, however, said owing to developments in the medical field, HIV is now just like any other disease hence the law must be informed by science trends.

“Evidence has shown that chances of transmitting HIV to another person if you are on treatment are slim. The law must then speak the same language with science to achieve our national and global goals and targets,” said Ms Tholanah.

She said the current law discouraged people from getting tested thereby delaying them from accessing treatment early, reversing global efforts to end Aids by 2030.

France: Highest Court confirms that people living with HIV with an undetectable viral load can never be prosecuted as the risk of transmission is nul

Peut–on poursuivre une personne séropositive sous traitement ? La Cour de cassation rend un arrêt historique
March 21, 2019

Source TETU, Published 20/03/2019 – Google translation, for article in French please scroll down.

Can a person living with HIV be prosecuted if she is under treatment? The Court of Cassation (French Highest Court) delivers a landmark decision.

In a decision handed down on 5 March, the Court of Cassation ruled that it was impossible to prosecute an HIV-positive man on treatment who had sex without a condom and without informing his partner of his HIV status.

That’s a first. In a decision handed down on 5 March, the Court of Cassation recognised the preventive nature of HIV treatment. Thus, any person whose viral load is undetectable, who has sex without a condom with another person without the latter being aware of the HIV status of his or her partner, cannot be prosecuted.

In this case, a woman who had sex with a man who was HIV-positive and undergoing treatment sued the man on the grounds that he had not previously informed her of his HIV status. The partner was not infected. However, the man was prosecuted on the grounds of “administration of a harmful substance”, i.e. alleged exposure to the virus.

Non-harmful bodily fluids

The investigating judge did not give rise to prosecution. A decision from which the civil party has appealed. But the woman was once again dismissed. According to the Court of Appeal, it has been proven that the “HIV viral load” was “constantly undetectable since 3 September 2001″. The man was “strictly and permanently compliant with the treatment, so that his HIV status was only potential but not current”.

And the judges of the Court of Appeal ruled: “The carrier’s bodily fluids cannot be considered harmful on the date of the alleged acts”.

A significant reminder from the judges, who stated that it takes “a detectable viral load in an infected person for him/her to infect any partner”.

A purely mathematical margin of error

Moreover, the judges of the Court of Appeal acknowledged that there was indeed a margin of error, but that it was purely mathematical. Thus, they conceive of the idea of the “non-zero risk” of HIV transmission by a person undergoing treatment. A risk they call “very small” since it is about one in 10,000. And according to them, this margin of error does not make it possible to condemn the carrier of the virus.

The civil party has appealed to the Supreme Court. The High Court dismissed the appeal, aligning itself with the judges of first instance.


Peut-on poursuivre une personne séropositive sous traitement ? La Cour de cassation rend un arrêt historique

Dans un arrêt rendu le 5 mars dernier, la Cour de cassation a affirmé qu’il était impossible de poursuivre un homme séropositif sous traitement, ayant eu des relations sexuelles sans préservatif et sans informer sa partenaire de son statut sérologique.

C’est une première. La Cour de cassation a reconnu, dans un arrêt rendu le 5 mars dernier, le caractère préventif du traitement contre le VIH. Ainsi, ne saurait être poursuivie toute personne dont la charge virale est indétectable, qui aurait des relations sexuelles sans préservatif avec une autre personne sans que celle-ci ne soit au courant du statut sérologique de sa/son partenaire.

Dans cette affaire, une femme ayant eu des relations sexuelles avec un homme, porteur du VIH et sous traitement, a engagé des poursuites contre ce dernier au motif qu’il ne l’avait pas prévenue au préalable de son statut sérologique. Sa partenaire n’a pas été contaminée. Pourtant, l’homme était poursuivi au motif « d’administration d’une substance nuisible », c’est-à-dire à une prétendue exposition au virus.

Des fluides corporels non nuisibles

Le juge d’instruction n’a pas donné lieu aux poursuites. Une décision de laquelle la partie civile a fait appel. Mais la femme s’est fait une nouvelle fois débouter. Selon la Cour d’appel, il a été prouvé que « la charge virale de VIH » était « constamment indétectable depuis le 3 septembre 2001 ». L’homme a fait « compliance stricte et permanente au traitement, de sorte que la séropositivité n’était plus que potentielle mais non actuelle ».

Et les juges de la Cour d’appel de statuer : « Les fluides corporels du porteur ne sauraient être tenus pour nuisibles à la date des agissements qui lui sont reprochés ».

Un rappel non négligeable des juges, qui affirment qu’il faut « une charge virale détectable chez une personne infectée pour qu’elle puisse contaminer quelque partenaire ».

Une marge d’erreur purement mathématique

Par ailleurs, les juges de la Cour d’appel ont reconnu qu’il existait bel et bien une marge d’erreur, mais qu’elle était purement mathématique. Ainsi, ils conçoivent l’idée du « risque non nul » de la transmission du VIH par une personne sous traitement. Un risque qu’ils qualifient d’ »infime » puisqu’il est d’environ un sur 10.000. Et selon eux, cette marge d’erreur ne permet pas de condamner le porteur du virus.

La partie civile s’est pourvue en cassation. La haute juridiction a rejeté le pourvoi, s’alignant sur les juges de première instance.

 

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