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Russia: Man to appear in court in Udmurtia charged with “knowingly exposing others to HIV” for biting police officer

In Udmurtia, an HIV–infected man bit a policeman
May 27, 2019

Source: “Susanin”, May 26, 2019 Google translation. For Original article in Russian, please scroll down. 

In Udmurtia, an HIV-infected man bit a policeman

The attacker was drunk

Votkinsk. Udmurtia. The criminal case against the man who bit the policeman in Votkinsk was sent to court. It is reported by the press service of the prosecutor’s office of the Udmurt Republic. On the evening of January 20, a policeman caught the attacker in disorderly conduct and demanded that he stop his illegal activities. The drunk man refused to follow the instructions and, knowing that he had HIV, bit the law enforcement officer on his right hand.

Thus, the attacker put the employee in danger of infection. Criminal proceedings were initiated against a man under Article 318 of the Criminal Code of Russia (“Use of violence not dangerous to life and health, against a representative of the authorities in connection with the performance of his official duties”) and Article 122 of the Criminal Code of Russia (“knowingly putting another in danger of being infected HIV “). The detainee faces up to 5 years in prison.


В Удмуртии зараженный ВИЧ мужчина покусал полицейского

Злоумышленник был пьян

Воткинск. Удмуртия. Уголовное дело в отношении мужчины, укусившего полицейского в Воткинске, направили в суд. Об этом сообщает пресс-служба прокуратуры Удмуртской Республики. Вечером 20 января полицейский уличил злоумышленника в мелком хулиганстве и потребовал его прекратить противоправные действия. Пьяный мужчина отказался выполнить указания и, зная о наличии у себя ВИЧ, укусил правоохранителя за правую руку. Тем самым злоумышленник поставил сотрудника в опасность заражения. В отношении мужчины возбудили уголовные дела по статье 318 УК России («Применение насилия, не опасного для жизни и здоровья, в отношении представителя власти в связи с исполнением им своих должностных обязанностей») и статье 122 УК России («Заведомое поставление другого в опасности заражения ВИЧ-инфекцией»). Задержанному грозит до 5 лет лишения свободы

US: New Jersey man charged for alleged HIV non disclosure

Galloway man charged with knowingly infecting man with HIV
May 27, 2019

Source: Breaking AC, my 24, 2019

Galloway man charged with knowingly infecting man with HIV

A Galloway Township man is accused of giving a man a sexually transmitted disease after failing to disclose he was HIV positive.
X, 36, was charged Thursday with three criminal counts, including aggravated assault.
X was arrested last month in a separate case in which he allegedly punched and threatened a man outside the Cathedral Grace Family Church.

The victim in that case said he was in a relationship with X but the two have had issues, according to the complaint obtained by Breaking AC. He was released from jail as those charges go through the system.
Now, X is accused of failing to disclose he was HIV positive before having sex with a man, who was infected.
X is accused of committing “an act of sexual penetration knowing that he is infected with a sexually transmitted disease” and for “knowingly acting in a manner likely to be injurious to the physical welfare of the victim.”

 

Russia: Appeal court upholds 2 years sentence for man convicted of alleged HIV transmission in Chelyabinsk region

Суд не оправдал южноуральца, заразившего девушку ВИЧ–инфекцией
May 20, 2019

Source: Access News Agency, published May 16, 2019 Google translation. For original article in Russian, please scroll down. 

The court did not acquit a South Uralian who infected a girl with HIV infection

The prosecutor defended the lawfulness of the sentence against a resident of Snezhinsk (ZATO, Chelyabinsk region) convicted of infecting another person with HIV infection – the defender of the convict asked to acquit him, the Access news agency reports, citing the press service of the region prosecutor’s office.

In 2016, a man infected a girl with an infection, knowing that he had HIV. In 2017, he was prosecuted for similar actions against another victim. The court sentenced him to two years in prison.

The defense tried to appeal the decision, but the regional court did not agree with the arguments and left the penalty of imprisonment unchanged. The verdict came into force.+

Суд не оправдал южноуральца, заразившего девушку ВИЧ-инфекцией

Прокурор отстоял законность приговора в отношении жителя Снежинска (ЗАТО, Челябинская область), осужденного за заражение другого лица ВИЧ-инфекцией, – защитник осужденного просил его оправдать, передает корреспондент агентства новостей «Доступ» со ссылкой на пресс-службу прокуратуры региона.

В 2016 году мужчина заразил инфекцией девушку, зная о наличии у него ВИЧ. В 2017 году он привлекался к уголовной ответственности за аналогичные действия в отношении другой потерпевшей. Суд приговорил его к двум годам лишения свободы.

Защита пыталась обжаловать решение, но облсуд не согласился с доводами и меру наказания в виде лишения свободы оставил без изменения. Приговор вступил в законную силу.

 

 

Russia: 22-year-old woman to spend 3 years in penal colony after regional court upholds sentence

Женщина, заразившая подростка ВИЧ, осуждена на три года
May 20, 2019

Source: Rossiyskaya Gazeta on May 17, 2019 Google translation – For original article in Russian, please scroll down.

Woman who infected a teenager with HIV, sentenced to three years

In the Baikal region, a 22-year-old woman was sent to a colony for three years. She infected a schoolchild during sex with a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Since the woman knew about her status, but did not warn her partner, the court considered the infection intentional. This was reported in the Irkutsk Regional AIDS Center.

The regional court upheld the previous sentence of the court of first instance, rejecting the appeal filed by the woman, as she considered the punishment too harsh.

The story began two years ago, when a 16-year-old teenager tested an HIV test for a routine examination at a hospital. In such cases, doctors are required to conduct an epidemiological investigation and determine possible sources of infection. The guy said that he had only one sexual contact with a friend 3.5 years older than him.

It turned out that his partner was not only HIV-positive, but also knew about it, because a year earlier she passed tests that confirmed the presence of HIV in her body. The doctors explained to the patient that she was obliged to warn each of her sexual partners about her HIV status, she was told about the responsibility for the deliberate concealment of the diagnosis and infection, provided for by Article 122 of the Criminal Code. This article punishes up to 8 years in prison. The fact that the girl was informed is indicated by her signature on the relevant documents, the report of the AIDS Center emphasizes. However, after six months she had unprotected sex with a schoolboy and did not warn him about the possible consequences.

Now the girl will have to serve the sentence in the colony. A young man, who is already 19 years old, is registered with the AIDS Center, he is prescribed antiretroviral therapy. He will have to take medicine for life.

Recall that on the eve of the International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of AIDS, which is celebrated on May 19, the All-Russian action “Stop HIV / AIDS” is taking place in Russia, within the framework of which you can get free HIV testing and get explanations about prevention methods. Express analysis is very simple: you don’t need to donate blood; tests are used that determine the presence of a virus in the body by saliva.

Женщина, заразившая подростка ВИЧ, осуждена на три года

В Прибайкалье в колонию на три года отправили 22-летнюю женщину, заразившую школьника во время секса вирусом иммунодефицита человека (ВИЧ). Поскольку женщина знала о своем статусе, но не предупредила своего партнера суд посчитал заражение умышленным. Об этом сообщили в Иркутском областном Центре СПИД.

Областной суд оставил без изменений ранее вынесенный приговор суда первой инстанции, отклонив апелляцию, поданную женщиной, так как она посчитала наказание слишком суровым.

История началась два года назад, когда у 16-летнего подростка при плановом обследовании в больнице тест на ВИЧ показал положительный результат. В таких случаях врачи обязаны провести эпидемиологическое расследование и установить возможные источники заражения. Парень сообщил, что у него был только один сексуальный контакт со знакомой на 3,5 года старше его.

Оказалось, что его партнерша не только была ВИЧ-положительной, но и знала об этом, так как годом ранее сдавала анализы, подтвердившие наличие ВИЧ в ее организме. Врачи разъяснили пациентке, что она обязана предупреждать каждого из своих половых партнеров о своем ВИЧ-статусе, ей рассказали и об ответственности за умышленное сокрытие диагноза и заражение, предусмотренной 122-й статьей Уголовного кодекса. Эта статья предусматривает наказание до 8 лет лишения свободы. О том, что девушка была проинформирована, свидетельствует ее подпись на соответствующих документах, подчеркивается в сообщении Центра СПИД. Тем не менее, через полгода она имела незащищенный половой контакт со школьником и не предупредила его о возможных последствиях.

Теперь девушке придется отбывать наказание в колонии. А молодой человек, которому уже исполнилось 19 лет, состоит на учете в Центре СПИД, ему назначена антиретровирусная терапия. Лекарства ему придется принимать пожизненно.

Напомним, что в преддверии Международного Дня памяти жертв СПИДа, который отмечается 19 мая, в России проходит сейчас Всероссийская акция “Стоп ВИЧ/СПИД”, в рамках которой можно пройти бесплатное тестирование на ВИЧ и получить разъяснения о методах профилактики. Экспресс-анализ выполнить очень просто: кровь сдавать не надо, используются тесты, по которым наличие вируса в организме определяется по слюне

 

[update]Belarus: 34-year-old woman sentenced to 10.5 years in prison for alleged HIV transmission

Белоруска получила за распространение ВИЧ 10,5 года
May 13, 2019

Source: http://www.aif.by, May 13, 2019

Belarusian received 10.5 years for the spread of HIV 

The verdict against a local resident accused of infecting partners with an immunodeficiency virus was announced by the court of the Luninets district.

A young villager learned about her illness in 2014. She was warned about the prohibitions related to the prevention of the spread of HIV infection and criminal liability for their violation, BelTA informs .

However, the woman did not refuse unprotected sex with men. She did not warn her partners about her diagnosis. 

At the end of 2018, a criminal case was opened against her. The victims numbered 13. In three of them, the diagnosis of “HIV” was confirmed. 

The court found the defendant guilty and sentenced her to 10 years and six months in prison with a sentence being served in a penal colony. 

Белоруска получила за распространение ВИЧ 10,5 года

Приговор в отношении местной жительницы, обвиняемой в заражении партнеров вирусом иммунодефицита, огласил суд Лунинецкого района.

О своей болезни молодая сельчанка узнала в 2014 году. Ее предупредили о запретах, связанных с профилактикой распространения ВИЧ-инфекции, и уголовной ответственности за их нарушение, сообщает БЕЛТА.

Однако женщина не отказалась от незащищенного секса с мужчинами. Партнеров о своем диагнозе она не предупреждала. 

В конце 2018 года в отношении нее возбудили уголовное дело. Потерпевшими по нему проходили 13 человек. У троих из них диагноз “ВИЧ” подтвердился. 

Суд признал фигурантку виновной и приговорил её к 10 годам и шести месяцам лишения свободы с отбыванием наказания в колонии общего режима. 


 

Luninchanku who spread HIV infection will be judged

The priestess of love put 13 people at risk of HIV infection, three of them confirmed the presence of the virus.

“The Prosecutor’s Office of the Luninets District has filed a criminal case against a 34-year-old Luninchanka, who is accused of committing crimes under Article 157, part 1 and 3, of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus, for consideration by the court,” Art. Assistant Prosecutor of the Luninets District, Anna Pener . – 12 criminal cases combined into one proceeding.

Knowing that she has HIV infection and being warned about responsibility, the loving Luninchanka entered into intimate relationships with men, not thinking about the consequences and danger of infecting other people.

As reported by Polesye Media, at the end of 2018, the Luninets District Department of the Investigative Committee opened three criminal cases against a 34-year-old Luninchanka under Article 157 of the Criminal Code of Belarus “Infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus”. Laboratory studies have confirmed the presence of human immunodeficiency virus in three men who are victims in these cases.

Then Luninets ROSK filed 9 more criminal cases in nine episodes under Part 1 of Article 157 of the UKRB, “Assuredly putting another person in danger of becoming infected with HIV”.

The victims in the case are men aged 30 to 55 years and older.

From December 29, 2018, the defendant is held in custody.


Лунинчанку, которая распространяла ВИЧ-инфекцию, будут судить

Жрица любви поставила в опасность заражения ВИЧ 13 человек, у троих из них наличие вируса подтвердилось.

– Прокуратура Лунинецкого района направила уголовное дело в отношении 34-летней лунинчанки, которая обвиняется в совершении преступлений, предусмотренных частями 1 и 3 статьи 157 УК РБ, для рассмотрения в суд, – прокомментировала Медиа-Полесью ст. помощник прокурора Лунинецкого района Анна Пенер. – 12 уголовных дел объединены в одно производство.

Заведомо зная, что у неё ВИЧ-инфекция и будучи предупреждённой об ответственности, любвеобильная лунинчанка вступала в интимные связи с мужчинами, не думая о последствиях и опасности заражения других людей.

Как сообщало Медиа-Полесье, в конце 2018 года Лунинецкий райотдел Следственного комитета возбудил в отношении 34-летней лунинчанки 3 уголовных дела по статье 157 УК РБ «Заражение вирусом иммунодефицита человека». Лабораторные исследования подтвердили у троих мужчин, которые проходят потерпевшими по этим делам, наличие вируса иммунодефицита человека.

Затем Лунинецкий РОСК возбудил ещё 9 уголовных дел по девяти эпизодам по части 1 статьи 157 УКРБ «Заведомое поставление другого лица в опасность заражения ВИЧ».

Потерпевшими по делу проходят мужчины в возрасте от 30 до 55-лет и старше.

С 29 декабря 2018 года обвиняемая содержится под стражей.

Canada: B.C.’s improved HIV prosecution guidelines remain out of step with scientific evidence and international guidance

Richard Elliott: B.C.’s improved HIV prosecution guidelines don’t go far enough
May 13, 2019

Source: Vancouver Sun, May 10, 2019

Richard Elliott: B.C.’s improved HIV prosecution guidelines don’t go far enough

Opinion: B.C. has missed an important opportunity to create an updated policy that considers and reflects human rights, updated science and international guidance on this issue. British Columbians, and especially people living with HIV, deserve better.

Last month, the B.C. Prosecution Service changed its approach to HIV criminalization.

A new policy provides direction to prosecutors in cases where someone is accused of not telling their sexual partner they are HIV-positive.

While the Prosecution Service has taken an important step toward limiting misuse of criminal charges in these cases, overall this new policy remains out of step with scientific evidence and extensive international guidance. The result is that people living with HIV in B.C. continue to live under the shadow of unjust prosecution.

No other medical condition has been criminalized as HIV continues to be. Just imagine being told you are HIV-positive. The news is overwhelming at first, but you take on board the medical advice given to you and you learn that thanks to modern medicine you can live a fulfilling, healthy and long life.

You go on to meet someone and have consensual sex. You use a condom, which is the safer sex practice recommended as a cornerstone of HIV prevention since the virus was identified decades ago.

But, because you didn’t tell your sexual partner you have HIV, you can be charged with aggravated sexual assault. Even though HIV cannot pass through an intact condom, you could spend years in jail and be designated a “sex offender” for the rest of your life.

The Prosecution Service has refused to clearly rule out prosecuting people who use condoms. Instead, its new policy only says that using a condom is a factor that “may” weigh against prosecuting someone.

This flies in the face of evidence-based recommendations given by advocacy and human rights groups around the world. These include the international expert consensus statement published last year by leading HIV experts — including three leading Canadian scientists (two of them from B.C.) — concerned that criminal prosecutions in cases of alleged HIV non-disclosure are often based on a poor appreciation of the science.

People living with HIV and advocates across Canada had hoped B.C. would prove itself to be a leader and go even further toward justice than the federal government has done.

In December, Canada’s attorney general issued a directive to limit HIV non-disclosure prosecutions. But it only applies in the territories, where federal prosecutors handle criminal prosecutions. It was disheartening to learn that B.C.’s new policy does not reflect the longstanding scientific knowledge we have about condoms and their effectiveness.

B.C.’s policy shows minor progress in limiting the overly broad use of the criminal law against people living with HIV. It is a positive step, for instance, that it now states there will be no prosecution in cases where the person living with HIV has a “suppressed viral load” for at least four months — this means they have had treatment to suppress the virus in their body to ensure there’s no risk of transmission.

The new policy also says there should be no prosecution for having just oral sex, although with the caveat there must be “no other risk factors present.”

These positive updates reflect current scientific understanding, so it’s perplexing the Prosecution Service maintains an antiquated stance on condom use and persists in potentially prosecuting people who practice safer sex.

B.C. has missed an important opportunity to create an updated policy that considers and reflects human rights, updated science and international guidance on this issue. British Columbians, and especially people living with HIV, deserve better.

Richard Elliott is executive director of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network

 

US: Nevada advisory task force to review antiquated laws on HIV exposure and issue recommendations

Panel to take on reforming Nevada’s antiquated HIV criminalization laws
May 13, 2019

Panel to take on reforming Nevada’s antiquated HIV criminalization laws

During the height of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the late 1980s, more than 67 laws were enacted across the country to criminalize and prosecute people living with HIV.

“The majority of these laws were passed before antiretroviral therapies, which can reduce the HIV transmission risk to zero, were developed,” said Democratic state Sen. David Parks. “In case you’re not aware, it is possible to be HIV positive and have no detectable presence of the virus.”

Senate Bill 284 mandates an examination of Nevada’s HIV laws. It passed both the Senate and Assembly and is headed to Gov. Steve Sisolak’s desk. The legislation creates the Advisory Task Force on HIV Exposure Modernization to review laws and punishments, and make recommendations ahead of the 2021 Legislative session.

With more understanding around HIV, states like California are taking steps to amend antiquated statutes. Parks said he has been trying to move legislation to tackle HIV criminalization in Nevada for three sessions without any progress.

Calls for states to consider HIV decriminalization come as science and medical advancements develop.

Organizations such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention note that those on medications who achieve an undetectable viral load — when the copies of HIV per milliliter of blood are so low, it can’t be detected on a test — have no risk of transmitting the virus. A recent study by The Lancet medical journal further confirmed that the risk of passing on the virus is eliminated when people living with HIV are on effective drug treatments.

Yet, many laws still don’t reflect the medical advancements.

In a statement of support for the legislation, Nevada Attorneys for Criminal Justice add that current laws are discriminatory and counterproductive.

“NACJ would particularly like to highlight one such law, NRS 212.189, which imposes a life sentence on a person with HIV in lawful custody who exposes another person to their bodily fluids,” the group wrote.  “This is dramatically overbroad – a person with HIV who spits on a police officer as they are being arrested faces a life sentence, because HIV is sometimes present in saliva even though there is no actual risk of transmission.”

SB284 passed the Senate unanimously April 16 and the Assembly 37-3 on Thursday — Republican Assemblymen Chris Edwards, John Ellison and Jim Wheeler were opposed.

 

Zimbabwe: Repeal of legal provision that criminalises “wilful” transmission of HIV approved by Cabinet

HIV/Aids transmission law repeal approved by Cabinet
May 13, 2019

Source: Bulawayo 24 news, May 11, 2019

HIV/Aids transmission law repeal approved by Cabinet

The Marriages Amendment Bill which will repeal a legal provision that criminalises “wilful” transmission of HIV to a partner has been approved by Cabinet.

Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs Minister Ziyambi Ziyambi said a Clause in the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act that criminalises transmission of HIV by one partner to another would be repealed.

Minister Ziyambi said this yesterday in Harare while responding to questions from journalists during a post Cabinet briefing which was chaired by Environment, Tourism and Hospitality Industry Minister, Prisca Mupfumira.

He said the Marriages Amendment Bill which was approved by Cabinet would also repeal that Clause of the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act.

“Yes, indeed Cabinet approved that we repeal the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act where it speaks about these criminalisation so we will repeal the Criminal Code in this regard,” said Minister Ziyambi.

The Marriages Amendment Bill will soon be gazetted before it is tabled before Parliament for debate.

The decision to decriminalise transmission of HIV dovetails with what Minister Ziyambi told Parliament earlier this year.

In March, Minister Ziyambi made an assurance to repeal the Clause during a question and answer session after Zengeza West legislator Mr Job Sikhala (MDC-Alliance) had asked if Government was considering amending the law which criminalise transmission of HIV.

“When this legislation came into effect, the thinking then was that we need to control the spread of HIV by criminalising those who transmit it to partners knowingly. But the global thinking now is that that law stigmatises people living with HIV and studies have shown that it does not produce the results that were intended. What the Ministry is going to do is to repeal that section of the law and ensure that we keep up with modern trends in the world,” said Minister Ziyambi in the National Assembly.

He said the fastest way of doing it was to incorporate the provision in the Marriages Amendment Bill. 

Earlier on Minister Mupfumira said Cabinet approved the Coroner’s Office Bill.

She said the Bill sought to help safeguard human lives through facilitating specialising investigation of preventable deaths and identification of deceased persons.

“The country has previously relied on expatriates for the specialised investigations required to conclude such cases, which arrangement has now become unsustainable. In more precise terms, the Bill will establish an efficient coroner system to look into the cause of death in the following circumstances among deaths that occur without a medical doctor’s attention, surgical operation table deaths and deaths while in jail, police custody or other central authority control,” said Minister Mupfumira.

US: Woman charged with “intentional exposure” to HIV in Louisiana for spitting at medical staff

Woman accused of intentional exposure to AIDS after incident at hospital
May 10, 2019

Source: WBRZ, May 8, 2019

Woman accused of intentional exposure to AIDS after incident at hospital

BATON ROUGE – A woman has been charged for spitting on medical staff and causing a disturbance at a local facility.

On Tuesday law enforcement was called to assistant hospital security in escorting a patient from the facility on Hennessy Boulevard. The patient was identified as X. Officials say X had been “violent” in the past. 

According to the arrest report, while being escorted out X struggled and allegedly attempted to bite a staff member. 

X was discharged and placed on a bus. Within approximately 10 minutes, security was called to assist with an unknown woman causing a disturbance in another part of the hospital.

The woman was identified as X. Authorities say X was causing a disturbance and vomiting. She was later sent back to the emergency room for further evaluation.

Authorities later discovered that X spit on medical staff the day before. While being interviewed, X allegedly admitted to being HIV positive.

X was charged with intentional exposure to AIDS, damage to property for punching a wall, and disturbing the peace.

Russia: 27-year-old man to appear in court for alleged HIV transmission

Житель Нарьян–Мара ответит перед судом за заражение несовершеннолетней ВИЧ
May 3, 2019

Source: News.29.ru, April 30, 2019 – Google translation. For article in Russian, please scroll down. 

A resident of Naryan-Mar will answer before the court for the infection of a minor HIV

The young man, knowing that he was ill, had sex with a teenage girl. As a result of this connection, a 15-year-old resident of Naryan-Mar became infected with HIV.

According to the investigation, the girl was under the age of sixteen. In 2018, by mutual consent, a 27-year-old man entered into sexual intercourse with her, thereby violating the sexual integrity of a minor, her normal moral and physical development, and also infected HIV.

During the investigation, it turned out that the young man had sexual intercourse with two adult girls, but did not inform them of the presence of the HIV infection, which put them at risk of contracting the disease.

During the interrogation, the man partially admitted his guilt. The criminal case was sent to the court for consideration.

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Житель Нарьян-Мара ответит перед судом за заражение несовершеннолетней ВИЧ

Молодой человек, зная, что болен, вступал в половые отношения с девочкой-подростком. В результате такой связи 15-летняя жительница Нарьян-Мара заразилась от него ВИЧ-инфекцией.

По данным следствия, девочка не достигла шестнадцатилетнего возраста. В 2018 году по обоюдному согласию 27-летний мужчина вступал с ней в половые сношения, чем нарушил половую неприкосновенность несовершеннолетней, ее нормальное нравственное и физическое развитие, а также заразил ВИЧ.

В ходе следствия выяснилось, что молодой человек вступал в половые сношения с двумя совершеннолетними девушками, однако о наличии заболевания ВИЧ-инфекция им не сообщил, чем поставил их в опасность заражения данной болезнью.

В ходе допроса мужина свою вину признал частично. Уголовное дело направлено в суд для рассмотрения.

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