Number of reported cases At least 1 How do we calculate the number of cases
First reported case 2016


Lagos state has a law making it an offence to ‘wilfully or knowingly’ endanger another person by infecting them with HIV. The offence carries a penalty of N200,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 10 years. The law does not require transmission and does not allow consent as a defence.


Lagos State Law no 17: A law for the protection of persons living with HIV and affected by AIDS in Lagos state and for connected matters

HIV-specific criminal law (enforced) (active)
Relevant text of the law

Section 18 Offences and Penalties
(1) Any Person who wilfully or knowingly endangers other persons by infecting them with the AIDS virus, commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding Two Hundred Thousand Naira only (N200,000) or imprisonment not exceeding ten years (10 years) or both fine and imprisonment.

Further resources

HIV criminalisation scan conducted by the Network of People Living with HIV and AIDS in Nigeria (NEPWHAN) for GNP+


Our thanks to Australian law firm Hall & Wilcox for their research assistance to confirm current relevant legislation.

This information was last reviewed in December 2019