There is no HIV-specific criminal law in Gabon, however a proposal for enacting an HIV-specific law was put forward in 2011, but following strong advocacy from local organisations and international agencies, the proposed bill was subsequently abandoned. It does however resurface on a regular basis during meetings attended by the government and is continually been opposed by civil society organisations who remain vigilant.
To our knowledge there has just been one reported case concerning HIV ‘exposure’, however it did not involve criminal prosecution. This case from 2019 was a civil case in which a woman sued her husband for alleged intent to transmit HIV to her. The outcome of the case is not known.
Report presenting the results of a survey on HIV criminalization in African countries where French is spoken (hereinafter "Francophone Africa"), conducted from May to September 2017.
Authors: Stéphanie Claivaz-Loranger & Cécile Kazatchkine for the Canadian HIV Legal Network and HIV JUSTICE WORLDWIDE