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There is no HIV-specific criminal law in Gabon and, to our knowledge, there has just been one reported HIV criminalisation case, in 2019, although the law used and the outcome is unclear.

A proposal for enacting an HIV-specific law was put forward in 2011 but following strong advocacy from local organisations and international agencies, the proposed bill was subsequently abandoned. It does however resurface on a regular basis during meetings attended by the government and is continually been opposed by civil society organisations who remain vigilant.


Report presenting the results of a survey on HIV criminalization in African countries where French is spoken (hereinafter "Francophone Africa"), conducted from May to September 2017.
Authors: Stéphanie Claivaz-Loranger & Cécile Kazatchkine for the Canadian HIV Legal Network and HIV JUSTICE WORLDWIDE

This information was last reviewed in March 2020