There have been no cases for sexual transmission of HIV, or other STIs, in Northern Ireland so far. The law is the same as in England and Wales except that a sentence for reckless transmission may be up to 7 years.
However, in 2016 a woman living with HIV was found guilty of assault occasioning actual bodily harm and sentenced to 5 months in custody for biting a police officer.
Offences Against The Person Act 1861, Sections 18 and 20
Information for individuals living with HIV about the law in Northern Ireland (and other UK jurisdictions).
Resources for both individuals living with HIV, as well as those advocating on their behalf, on all aspects of HIV criminalisation in Northern Ireland (and other UK jurisdictions).
Explores use of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861 to prosecute people who have transmitted HIV infection to sexual partners in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Examines evidence in cases of sexual HIV transmission and considers the likely impact that criminalising HIV transmission has on public health, especially HIV prevention. Includes recommendations.