[Update]Taiwan: Supreme Court upholds acquittal of man accused of HIV exposure thanks to expert medical evidence on HIV risks

Appeal won

National primary school teacher accused of hiding AIDS from condomless oral sex finally found not guilty

July 28, 2022
Translated with Deepl.com. Scroll down for original article

A former elementary school teacher was accused of concealing that he had AIDS and had oral sex with a man surnamed Wu without a condom several times.

He was diagnosed with HIV in 2003 and was subsequently treated for the disease. The prosecution alleged that he knew he had HIV but had oral sex and intercourse with Wu several times between 22 and 24 May 2017 at his residence, and Wu was later screened negative at the hospital.

The prosecutor found that the teacher had violated the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Prevention and Protection of the Rights of Infected Persons Act, knowing that he was infected but concealing his dangerous sexual activity with another person, resulting in an attempted infection of a person.

The first trial found that the teacher had not transmitted the disease and had not forced his partner to do so, so his methods were not too bad.

The teacher denied the offence and testified that he did not have sexual intercourse with Ng because the two parties were not in agreement on the day of the sex act, so there was no erection or ejaculation, only oral sex.

The trial held that apart from Ng’s testimony, there was no other evidence to support that the two had sexual intercourse and that the focus of the trial should be on whether “oral sex” was a dangerous sexual act under the Ordinance.

The first trial pointed out that according to the information published by UNAIDS, the literature reports published by HIV scholars, and the evidence from NTU Hospital that the male teacher was taking anti-AIDS medication, the frequency of taking medication, and the status of taking medication, the male teacher and Wu did not ejaculate during oral sex with each other, and according to the literature reports, the actual risk of HIV infection from ejaculation-free oral sex is zero, which means that according to the current medical research, there is no risk of HIV infection from ejaculation-free oral sex. This means that according to the current medical research, there is no risk of HIV infection from ejaculatory oral sex.

The first instance ruled that the concept of “undetectable=untransmittable” (U=U) in the literature report was not a dangerous sexual act and convicted the male teacher of having oral sex with Ng. The Supreme Court found no error in the decision and dismissed the appeal.


國小師遭控隱瞞愛滋病無套口愛 法院最終判他無罪確定
2022-07-28 11:36 聯合報/ 記者
林孟潔
/台北即時報導

一名前國小老師被控隱瞞罹患愛滋病,多次與吳姓男子無套口交,吳事後篩檢為陰性,檢方認為他違反人類免疫缺乏病毒傳染防治及感染者權益保障條例而起訴,他一度被判1年5月徒刑,但最高法院判他無罪確定。

男老師2003年被驗出罹患愛滋病,之後接受治療;檢方起訴指出,他明知自己感染愛滋病,卻在2017年5月22日至24日與吳在住處數度口交、性交,吳事後到醫院篩檢呈陰性。

男老師和吳性行為期間,也提供安非他命給吳施用,吳到警局自首,移送檢方偵辦才揭發上情,檢方認為男老師違反人類免疫缺乏病毒傳染防治及感染者權益保障條例,明知自己為感染者卻隱瞞與他人危險性行為,致傳染於人未遂罪嫌,依法起訴。

一審認為男老師危險性行為,但未傳染疾病,也沒有強迫對方,手段不算太惡劣,吳也同意法院從輕量刑,判1年5月徒刑;二審指出,認定「危險性行為」不應受愛滋病毒汙名化及恐懼的影響,口交未射精沒有傳染風險,改判無罪,被最高法院撤銷發回更審。

男老師否認犯行,供稱他沒有和吳性交,因為當天要發生性行為時,雙方不合意,所以沒有勃起、射精,只有口交而已,「我不認為這有構成危險性行為。」

更一審認為除吳的證述外,沒有其他證據可佐兩人有性交,因此應審究重點應是「口交」是否屬條例中所指的危險性行為。

更一審指出,根據聯合國愛滋病規劃署出版的資料、愛滋病毒學者發表的文獻報告、台大醫院鑑定男老師服用抗愛滋藥物、取藥頻率、服藥狀況等證據,男老師和吳互相口交未射精,依照文獻報告,無射精口交實際傳染HIV風險為0,即代表依目前醫學研究結果,無射精口交即無感染HIV的風險。

更一審認定文獻報告中「測不到病毒即不具傳染力」(U=U,即undetectable=untransmittable)的觀念,認定男老師和吳口交不屬於危險性行為,再判無男老師罪。檢察官上訴,最高法院認為判決沒有違誤,駁回上訴,全案確定。

Appeal won

HIV Positive man accused of dangerous sexual behaviour in second instance has his sentence reversed and is acquited

June 9, 2020
Source: Central News Agency reporter
Automatic Google translation. For original in Chinese, please scroll down.

Central News Agency reporter Liu Shiyi, Taipei, 9th) The case of a man with surnamed Feng who was charged with AIDS was accused of dangerous sex. The first trial was in May of 1 year. After an appeal, the second trial today was determined according to the latest foreign medical literature and Taiwan outpatient information. The actual risk of HIV infection by oral sex is zero.”

The whole case is due to the fact that the man named Feng knew that he was suffering from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (commonly known as AIDS) due to infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). He concealed it and stayed at the residence from May 22 to 24, 106 On several occasions, he had oral sex with a man named Wu, and Feng Nan also had sex with him.

The prosecution pointed out that after the AIDS screening of Wu Nan, he was negative and did not suffer from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The prosecutor concealed and carried out dangerous sex with others to cause infection in accordance with human immunodeficiency virus infection prevention and protection of the rights and interests of infected persons. And attempted to sue Feng Nan.

Feng Nian was sentenced to imprisonment for 1 year and May in the first instance. After appeal, the second instance was tried by the Taiwan High Court.

The second trial news materials pointed out that in the sexual intercourse part, except for Wu Nan’s testimony, there is no other positive evidence to reinforce, and it is not possible to use a single statement to determine that Feng Nan has sexual intercourse with Wu Nan; Whether it is “dangerous sexual behavior” within the meaning of the human immunodeficiency virus infection prevention and protection of the rights and interests of infected persons, with “medical evaluation of dangerous sexual behaviors that may cause human immunodeficiency virus infection” as the requirement, the current scientific development is rapid, “dangerous sexual behavior” The scope of the study should advance with the times as the medical research progresses.

The second trial pointed out that the United Nations AIDS Programme published materials in May 102 and HIV scholars who held the World AIDS Conference in the Netherlands on July 25, 107 published “Dangerous Sex” and should not be stigmatized by HIV. And fear, and apply criminal offenses to cases without risk of HIV transmission.

The second trial pointed out that the two data were willing to recognize that “the virus is not infectious if it is not detected”, “the actual risk of HIV infection by oral sex without ejaculation is 0”, and Feng Nan’s outpatient records at the Taiwan hospital and the doctor’s testimony after taking the drug The amount of virus per week will obviously decrease, and the amount of virus may not be detected for one month after taking it. Therefore, it is believed that the amount of virus during the oral sex between Feng Nan and Wu Nan in May 106 has dropped to the undetectable situation, which is not the case. may.

The second trial stated that Feng Nan’s behavior did not have the risk of causing human immunodeficiency virus infection in medical evaluation and was not a dangerous behavior. Therefore, the original verdict was revoked and the verdict was acquitted, and the entire case can still be appealed. (Editor: Zhang Mingkun) 1090609


當法律開始肯認科學實證,能裁量個別性行為的傳染風險,我們對於愛滋的恐懼與恐慌才可能漸漸成為歷史,愛滋防治才能發揮真正的效用。

107年世界愛滋大會文件:《專家共識聲明:刑法脈絡下的愛滋相關科學》(Expert consensus statement on the science of HIV in the context of criminal law)

新聞來源:中央社

(中央社記者劉世怡台北9日電)患有愛滋病的馮姓男子被控危險性行為案,一審判1年5月,經上訴,二審今天依國外最新醫學文獻以及台灣門診資料等認定,「無射精的口交實際傳染HIV病毒風險為0 」改判無罪。

全案緣於,馮姓男子明知其因感染人類免疫缺乏病毒(HIV)而罹有後天免疫缺乏症候群(俗稱愛滋病),竟予以隱瞞並於民國106年5月22日至24日,在住處,數次與吳姓男子互為口交,馮男並另對吳男性交。

檢方起訴指出,吳男事後經愛滋病篩檢,呈陰性而未罹患後天免疫缺乏症候群,檢方依人類免疫缺乏病毒傳染防治及感染者權益保障條例,隱瞞而與他人進行危險性行為致傳染於人而未遂罪嫌起訴馮男。

一審判馮男1年5月徒刑,經上訴,二審由台灣高等法院審理。

二審新聞資料指出,性交部分,僅吳男證述外,並無其他積極證據可補強,不得以單一指述,即認定馮男有對吳男為性交;本件應審究於二男互為口交,是否屬人類免疫缺乏病毒傳染防治及感染者權益保障條例所指的「危險性行為」,以「醫學上評估可能造成人類免疫缺乏病毒感染的危險性行為」為要件,現行科學發展一日千里,「危險性行為」的範圍,應隨著醫學研究的進程與時俱進。

二審指出,聯合國愛滋病規劃署於102年5月間出版資料以及107年7月25日在荷蘭舉行世界愛滋大會的愛滋病毒學者發表資料,「危險性行為」認定,不應受愛滋病毒汙名化及恐懼影響,而將刑事犯罪適用在沒有HIV傳播風險的案件。

二審指出,2份資料肯認「測不到病毒即不具傳染力」,「無射精的口交實際傳染HIV的風險為0」,且馮男在台灣醫院的門診紀錄以及醫師證述服用藥物後兩週病毒量就會明顯下降,服用一個月病毒量就可能測不到等情,因此認定馮男於106年5月間與吳男口交期的病毒量因而下降到測不到的情形,尚非無可能。

二審表示,馮男行為,在醫學評估上,不具有造成人類免疫缺乏病毒感染的風險,不屬危險性行為,因此撤銷原判決,改判無罪,全案還可上訴。(編輯:張銘坤)1090609

相關愛滋人權議題: 親密關係/性權