Number of reported cases At least 2 How do we calculate the number of cases


There have been two reported cases of HIV-related prosecutions in Cyprus. Both prosecutions took place in 1997-1998 under the auspices of a 1957 law intended to prevent the spread of cholera, typhoid and venereal disease. The law appeared to have been adopted during British Colonial Rule and remained after independence in 1960.

In the first case, in 1997, a man was jailed for alleged HIV transmission through sex. The defendant claimed to have disclosed his HIV status but his defence was not accepted.

In the second case, a woman was charged in 1998 with HIV exposure. Although she agreed that she had not disclosed her status prior to having sex, she also stated that she had always use protection.


Communicable disease law (active)


Our thanks to Australian law firm Hall & Wilcox for their research assistance to confirm current relevant legislation.

This information was last reviewed in March 2020