Number of reported cases 0 How do we calculate the number of cases


Tunisia has both a general disease provision which covers HIV, as well as other criminal provisions relevant to the prosecution of HIV transmission.

Article 11 of the Law on Communicable Diseases, enacted in 1992, make it an offence for a person to ‘deliberately’ transmit a communicable disease. HIV is one of many conditions listed under ‘communicable disease’ in the law. Transmission is punished by one to three years confinement in appropriate medical facilities. Treatment is also mandatory under Article 9.

The Penal Code also contains a provision relevant to disease transmission. Article 215 makes it an offence for anyone to voluntarily administer substances or engage in practices which cause an illness or incapacity to work. The penalty is up to two years’ imprisonment and a fine, unless death occurs, in which life imprisonment applies.

Although local organisations believe there may have been some cases of prosecutions for HIV exposure or transmission in the past, they were unable to confirm these.


Law no. 92-71 of 27 July 1992 on communicable diseases

General disease law (active)
Year enacted
Relevant text of the law

Article 9

Any person who knows that he or she is suffering from one of the communicable diseases listed in the schedule attached to this Act shall be required to be examined and treated by a physician.

Any person who is known to be suffering from any of the diseases listed in the Schedule attached to this Law may be ordered by the health authority to provide regular treatment and to prove it by producing medical certificates on the dates determined by the same health authority.

The provisions of paragraph 2 of this article shall not apply to persons who voluntarily present themselves for anonymous screening at the health centres and establishments provided for by order of the Minister responsible for public health.

Article 11

Compulsory hospitalization for prophylactic isolation may be ordered for persons suffering from any of the diseases listed in the annex to this Act whenever such persons are suffering from any of the diseases listed in the annex to this Act:

Refuse to undertake or continue the prescribed treatment despite the order to be treated regularly and to prove it, as provided for in article 9 of this Law.

Deliberately contribute by their behaviour to the transmission of the disease they suffer from to other persons.

Article 18

Any person found guilty of the acts mentioned in article 11, paragraph 2, of this Law shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of one to three years.

Article 20

The penalties provided for in Articles 18 and 19 of this Law shall be served in appropriate hospital facility.

Penal Code

General criminal law (active)
Relevant text of the law

Article 215

Anyone, without the intention of causing death, voluntarily administers substances to a person or engages in practices or maneuvers on them which cause an illness or incapacity to work, incurs the penalties provided for assault and battery, according to the distinctions of the articles 218 and 219 of this code.

The penalty is life imprisonment if death results.


Stéphanie Claivaz-Loranger & Cécile Kazatchkine
Report presenting the results of a survey on HIV criminalisation in African countries where French is spoken conducted from May to September 2017.

This information was last reviewed in March 2024